Published on 1st June,
Identity and Goals
is an Islamic struggle movement. Its emergence is based on an
ideological, social, political and economical mixture in a
special Lebanese, Arab and Islamic context.
As a result of that background, Hezbollah went through various
decisive moments in its history with the most important moment
being in 1982, the year of the Zionist invasion of Lebanon.
invasion led to the occupation of the capital Beirut making it
the second Arab capital to be occupied during the Arab-Israeli
conflict, with Jerusalem being the first. This crossroad sped up
the presence of Hezbollah as a struggle movement that is totally
affiliated in the long complicated and complex role against the
Zionist enemy. The starting point of that struggle being the
Zionist occupation of Palestine, and then to many of the Arab
lands in Egypt, Syria and Jordan leading up to Lebanon. All that
led to the establishment of the identity of Hezbollah as a
struggle movement against the Zionists. Add to that many social,
economical, political and cultural ideals of the Shia in
Lebanon. Another very important factor that developed Hezbollah
was the establishment of the Islamic Revolution in Iran that was
led by the late Imam Khomeini. This revolution consolidated new
concepts in the field of Islamic thought mainly the concept of
Willayat Al-Faqih. The revolution also generalized Islamic
expressions against arrogance, the great Satan,
hypocrites and the oppressed.
Lebanon and Iran
With this crossroad and with the historic tie between the Shias
in Lebanon and in Iran, which is a doctrinal tie, as well as
that Iran hosts the second most important religious schools of
the Shia in Qom with the second being the Al-Najaf school in
Iraq. But because of many obvious reasons Qom has occupied the
number one Shia school in the world today.
Due to that, it was only natural for the ideological doctrine in
Iran to take root in Lebanon. This tie was very quickly
translated on the ground by direct support from the
Republic of Iran
through its revolutionary guards and then to
Hezbollah that was resisting the Israeli occupation.
Hezbollah - Leading Struggle Movement
This religious and ideological tie between Hezbollah and Iran
following the revolution with its stance towards the Zionist
entity had a great effect on releasing vital material and moral
support to Hezbollah. This support sped up the acknowledgement
of making Hezbollah one of the leading struggle movements
against the Zionists. But during and after 1985, Hezbollah was
the only such movement in this field.
was not by sheer coincidence that Hezbollah turned into a
struggle movement against the Israeli occupation because
Hezbollah’s ideological ideals sees no legitimacy for the
existence of Israel. [edited 1st June02] The conflict
becomes one of legitimacy that is based on religious ideals. The
seed of resistance is deep in the ideological beliefs of
Hezbollah, a belief that found its way for statement against the
Zionist occupation of Lebanon. That is why we also find the
slogan of the liberation of Jerusalem rooted deeply in the
ideals of Hezbollah.
of Hezbollah's ideals is the establishment of an Islamic
The Islamic Resistance was able to direct very painful blows to
the Zionist enemy forcing them to withdraw step by step. One of
the principal withdrawals was that of 1985 leading up to the
withdrawal from the Christian area of Jezzine. Finally the
enemy had no choice but to withdraw completely as a final
solution to their problems. It is also vital to state here that the resistance gained high
credibility amongst the people and in all official statuses,
both locally and internationally. [edited 02]
The resistance also established an internal national axis in a
way that was never witnessed in Lebanon before. This matter is
of vital interest when we notice how Lebanon is divided into
various religions, sects, ideologies, societies and cultures.
Today, Hezbollah is one of the most prominent Lebanese political
parties that has its presence in the parliament with 8 MPs.
Hezbollah today also commands respect politically after it
proved its strength with its presence by respecting the values
of others in the field.
Hezbollah also sees itself committed in introducing the true
picture of Islam, the Islam that is logical and committed to
introduce civilized Islam to humanity. Hezbollah
also sees itself committed in introducing the Islam that is
confidant in achieving justice as well as introducing the Islam
that protects all human rights. Introducing the Islam that
supports education, the Islam that offers medical support.
Hezbollah also has its own cultural plan to attract and convince,
through civilized and humanitarian means as specified in the
human rights laws, far from any use of violence or coercion.
It should also be clear that the kind of Islam that Hezbollah
seeks is a civilized one that refuses any kind of oppression,
degradation, subjugation and colonization. Hezbollah also
stretches its arm of friendship to all on the basis of mutual
The Islamic path that Hezbollah follows is one of a message
that aims to establish peace and
justice to all humanity whatever their race or religion.
Hezbollah does not have a problem with anyone, but it feels
responsible towards him or her to clarify the true Islam far
away from any fanaticism.
Hezbollah does not wish to implement Islam forcibly but in a
peaceful and political manner, that gives the opportunity to the
majority to either accept or refuse. If Islam becomes the
choice of the majority, only then will it be implemented. If not
it will then continue to co-exist with others on the basis of
mutual understanding using peaceful methods to reach peaceful
solutions. And that is how the case should be to the non-Islamists