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Bismillah ir Rahman ie Raheem
Published on 25th October, 2002

Ayyaam ul Bayz / Shab e Baraat – The Bright Days

By M. Al-Zahra

d Introduction

d The 15th Night Of Shaban

Moon over the Haram. By Zaynab El-Fatah 2007

d A'amal For The Night Of 15th Sha'ban

d Day Aa'maal

Introduction

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The 13th, 14th and 15th of Rajab, Shabaan and Ramadan are known as “Ayyam Bayz” which are known as the “Days of Passing Splendour” or “Bright Days”.

The Holy Prophet ('s) had said that during the nights of the 15th Shabaan, the Almighty takes decisions in the matters of sustenance, life, death and the welfare of the people.

Next to the “Night of Qadr” the 15th Shabaan is the most auspicious night (also known as the “Night of Baraat”). According to the Holy Imam Muhammad bin Ali al-Baqir ('a) and Jafar bin Muhammad as-Sadiq ('a), the Almighty Allah (swt) has promised to fulfil every legitimate desire put forward to Him in that night.

Imam Jafar bin Muhammad as-Sadiq ('a) has said:

“Whoso prays during the nights of “Ayyam Bayz” in fact, stands at the door of the superabundant favours, bounties and benefits available in these months.”

It is highly desirable to hold fast on the 13th, 14th and 15th, have a bath each day and give alms in the way of Allah (swt).

In the nights of “Ayyam Bayz”, Momins are instructed to pray a 12 Rak’at namaz as follows:

In the night of the 13th, pray 12 Rak’ats  and recite Surah Al Fatihah, Surah Yaaseen and Surah Al Mulk are recited in each Rak’at.

In the night of the 14th, pray 4 Rak’ats in 2 sets of 2 Rak’at, and each set  recite Surah Al Fatihah, Surah Yaaseen and Surah Al Mulk.

In the night of the 15th, pray 6 Rak’ats in 3 sets of 2 Rak’ats and in each recite Surah Al Fatihah, Surah Yaaseen and Surah Al Mulk.

The 15th Night of Shabaan

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On the 15th night of Shabaan Muslims have been told by Prophet Muhammad ('s) that:

"When the night of the middle of Shabaan comes, spend the night in prayer and fast the next day for in it Allah t'Allah forgives more sins than the hairs of the goats of the tribe of Kalb."

Prophet Muhammad ('s) has also been quoted as having said:

" When the night of the middle of Shabaan comes, Allah descends to the lowest Heaven and says, "Is there anyone begging for forgiveness that I might forgive him? Is there anyone begging for sustenance that I may feed him? Is there any such and such?" And we are told that Allah stays at this lowest heaven ready to accede to our legitimate requests until the break of dawn.”

“This is Laylat-ul-Barat, this is the fifteenth of Sha’baan, a very great night. In this night you should be attentive in the worship of Allah, for this is the night of accounting. Whichever child is to be born during the coming year is written down on the list on this night, and the name of whoever is going to pass away in the coming year is deleted from the list.”

A'amal For The Night Of 15th Sha'ban

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1) At the time of sunset - Ghusl (Prescribed Bath)

2) Spend the night in Salat, Duaa and Astagfaar.

3) Recite Ziyarat of Imam Husain ('a)

4) Looking at the sky recite:
”Assalamo alayka ya a’baa abdillahey, assalamo alayka warehmatullahey wa barakatohu”

5) Recite Dua Kumail

6) Recite:
”Subahanallahey wal hamdo lillahey wa la elaah illal’laho wallaho akbar” 100 Times

Then recite dua’a to welcome our Holy Living Imam who was born on the 15th Shabaan (see “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.” Shaykh Abbas Qummi, Ansarian Publications , Qum, 1999/1420, pg. 306)

7) Imam Muhammad al-Baqir ('a.) and Imam Jafar as_Sadiq ('a) used to pray a 4 Rak’at Namaz as under:

In each Raka’t, recite Surah Al Fatihah 100 times and Surah Al Ikhlass 100 times.
After the salam recite the dua’a on page 308 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”

7) After Salat ul Isha, offer 2 Rak’at salat as follows :

1st Rakaat, recite Surah Al Fatihah and Surah Al Kaafiroon.

2nd Rakaat, recite Surah Al Fatihah and Surah AL Ikhlas.

After salat, recite Tasbeeh  Zehra (34: Allah o Akbar, 33: Alhumdolillah 33: SubhanAllah) and dua’a page 309 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”

8) Prostrate in Sajadah and recite :

  • 20 times : Ya Rabee

  • 7 times : Ya Allah

  • 7 Times : La Hawla Wa La Quwwata Illa Billah

  • 10 Times Ma Sha Allah

  • Once: Allahumma s’alli a’laa Muhammad was aali Muhammad

9) After “Shifa Salat”, Shaykh Toosi (r.a) and Kafami (r.a) have advised Momins to recite the dua’a on page 312 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”.

10) After Tahajjud salat, The Holy Prophet (sws) used to recite the dua’a on page 314 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.” This can also be recited after praying a 10 Raka’at salat in 5 sets of 2 Rak’ats whereby Surah Al Fatihah is recited once and Surah Al Ikhlas is recited 10 times.

11) Put each side of the face to the earth and recite the following:

“A’ffartu wajhee fit turaabi wa h’uqqa lee an asjuda laka”
”I put my face on the earth and roll in the dust because it is imposed as a duty that I prostrate myself in adoration before thee”

12) According the the Holy Prophet ('s), it is highly desirable to pray a 100 Rak’at Namaaz tonight, in 50 sets of 2 Rak’ats in each prescribed as follows:

In every Rak’at, after the recitation of Surah Al Fatihah, recite Surah AL Ikhlas 10 times.

After Salat, recite the following:

  • Ayaatul Kursee: 10 times

  • Al Fatihah: 10 times

  • Subahaanallah: 100 times  

13) According to Imam Jafar as-Sadiq ('a), it is highly desirable to pray a 6 Rak’at salat on this night of the 15th in 3 sets of 2 Rak’ats in each, as follows:

In each Rakat recite Surah Al Fatihah, Surah Yaseen and Surah Al Mulk.

14) Recite the following tonight and every night during the rest of the month:

“Allaahumma in lam takun ghafarts lanaa feemaa maz’aa min Shaa’baana faghfirlanaa feema baqiya minhu”
”O Allah, if Thou has forgotten us during the previous days of Shabaan, then please be merciful to us in the days now to follow.”

15) Shaykh Kafamee writes in “Misbah” to recite Surah Yaseen for the following 3 reasons:

  • Once for long life

  • Once for prosperity

  • Once for safety from misfortune

16) Then recite the following 21 times and do not talk to anyone until the recitation is completed:

“Allaahumma innaka a’z’eemun d’u anaatin wa laa t’aaqata lanaa li-h’ukmika”
"O Allah, verily Thou art Sublime, Patient, gives respite, (because) we do not have the capacity to withstand the conditions that tale effect under Thy authority.”

“Yaa Allah”
”O Allah”

“Yaa Allah”
’O Allah”

“Yaa Allah”
”O Allah”

“Al-Amaan”
”Mercy”

”Al-Amaan”
”Mercy”

“Al-Amaam”
”Mercy”

“Minat t’aa o’on wal wabaa-I wa soo-il qaz’aaa-I wa shamatatil aa’-daaa-I rabbanak-shif a’nnal a’d’aaba innaa moo-minoona bi-rah’matika yaa arh’amar rah’imeen”

"(Safety from the) rampant epidemics, accidental death, evil events, and rejoicing of enemies at (our) misfortunes.
O our Lord take away from us the pain and torment, truly we believe in Thy Mercy. O the Most Merciful.”

This is the night of glory. The more you pray the better it is, Seek Allah's mercy for yourself and all the momeneen, Staying awake all night and spending that time in Ibadaat (prayers).

Day Aa’maal

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Today, 15th Shabaan, our Living Imam Muhammad bin Hasan Saahibuz Zamaan ('a) was born in 256 Hijra.

During the day it is recommended that you do the following:

1) Pray Salat of Salaman Farsi mentioned on pg. 322 of  “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.” , if available. Then recite:

“Ilaahan wah’idan ah’adan fardan s’amadaa lam yattakhid’s’aah’ibatan wa laa waladaa”

“The one true God! Single! Unique! The eternally besought! He did not choose any associate nor a son.”

2) Recite the Ziarat of Imam Hussayn ('a)

3) Pray 4 Rak’at Namaaz in 2 sets of 2 Rak’ats in each.

4)  After the salam, recite dua on pg. 270 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”

5)  After the sun passes the meridian, take a bath and put on clean clothes.

6)  Go to a very private place where no one can disturb you.

7)  Pray 8 Rak’ats Naafilah of Zuhr prayers in sets of 4 of 2 Rak’ats in each.

8)  Pray Salat ul Zuhr

9)  Pray 2 Rak’at Salat and after the salam say 100 times:

“Yaa qaaz’iya h’awwa-ijit’ t’Allibeen”
"O He who decides definitely and satisfies the wants and needs of those who request.”

10) Pray 8 Rak’at Naffilah of Asr prayers.

In each Rak’at, after the recitation of Surah Al Fatihah, recite Al Ikhlas and Surah Al Kawthar once.
11) Pray Salat ul Asr 
12) Sit on your prayer mat and recite:

Surah Al Fatihah

No. 1

100 times

Surah Al Ikhlas

No. 112

100 times

Ayatul Kursee

Al Baqrah Verse 225-227

Once

Surah An-aam

No. 6

Once

Surah Banee Israa-eel

No. 17

Once

Surah Al Kahf

No. 18

Once

Surah Al Luqman

No. 31

Once

Surah Yaseen

No. 36

Once

Surah S’aaafaat

No. 37

Once

Surah H’aa-meem

No. 41

Once

Surah Dukhaan

No. 44

Once

Surah Fat-h’

No.48

Once

Surah Waaqi-a’h

No. 56

Once

Surah Al Mulk

No. 67

Once

Surah Qalam

No. 68

Once

Surah In’shiqaaq

No. 84

Once

All Surahs from Surah Burooj to Surah An Naas

No. 85 to 114

Once each

If one can not remember the above Surahs and does not have a hard copy of the Quoran, or cannot read the Surahs clearly, then the below option is available as a substitute:

Recite:

Tasbihaatul Arbaa’ (100 times)
Surah Al Fatihah (100 times)
Surah Al Ikhlas (1000 times)
Ayaatul Kursee (10 times)
Salawaat (100 times)

13)  After completing each of the above recite the dua mentioned on pg. 273 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”.

14)  After this dua, prostrate and put either side of your face on the earth and recite the dua on page 286 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.”

If, after the recitation of the dua, your eyes are tearful or even on the edge of tears, your cry for help would have reached your Almighty, insh’Allah.

15)  Finally, some traditions suggest the supplication on page 287 of “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.” in Sajdah. .

Source:
1. “Supplications Prayers & Ziarats Call on Me and I answer you.” Shaykh Abbas Qummi, Ansarian Publications , Qum, 1999/1420
2. A selection of websites.
 

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Last Updated Friday, 01 August 2008