Published on 25th
Al-Hassanís Succession to the
from Kitab al-Irshad.
When the Commander of the Faithful,
peace be on him, died, al-Hassan addressed the people. He
reminded them of his right to authority. The followers of
his father pledged allegiance to him in terms of fighting
those he fought and making peace with those with whom he
made peace (peace be on them both).
[Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya al-Azdi reported: Ash'ath
b. Suwar told me on the authority of Abu Ishaq al-Sabi'i and
others, who said:]
b. 'Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn
on the night in which the Commander of the Faithful, peace
be on him, died. He praised and glorified God and blessed
the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Then
has died tonight a man who was the first among the early (Muslims)
in (good ) actions. Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his
level in (good) actions. He used to fight alongside the
Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and
protect him with his own life. The Apostle of God, may
God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with
his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and
Michael supported him on his left. He would not return until
God brought victory through his hands. He, peace be on him,
has died on this the night on which Jesus, son on Mary, was
taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nun, the
testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, peace be on him, died.
He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven
hundred dirhams of his stipend ('ata), with which he was
intending to buy a servant for his family."
tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him.
"I am the
grandson of the one who
brought the good news. I am the grandson of the Warner. I
am the grandson of the man who, with God's permission,
summoned (the people) to God. I am the grand son of the
light which shone out (to the world). I am of the House,
from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has
purified thoroughly. I am of the House for whom God has
required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said:
I do not ask you for any reward except love for (my) kin.
Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself."
good is love for us, the House."
Then he sat down.
Allah b. al-'Abbas, may God have mercy on him, arose in
front of him and said:
this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee (wasi)
of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him"
people answered him saying:
"No one is more loved by
us nor has anyone more right to succession (khilafa)."
rushed forward to pledge allegiance to him as successor. That
was on Friday on the *21st Ramadhan in the year 40 A.H.
(660). Then he assigned the posts of the tax collectors
and he gave instructions to the governors of the provinces. He sent 'Abd Allah b. al-Abbas to Basra. He took
charge of all matters.
Shaykh al-Mufid (1981) Kitab al-Irshad
- The Book of Guidance into the Lives of the Twelve Imams,
The Muhammadi Trust, London, U.K, p 280-281.
*In the book Kitab al-Irshad, there is
what appears to be a misprint where the 21st Ramadhan reads
as the 11th Ramadhan, and Allah knows best.