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ºFiqh Questions Concerning Ihram

ºWhilst in Ihram

ºMedical Information for Hajj Pilgrims

ºNiyyats for Umrah Tamattu and Hajj Tamattu

ºMadinah Outside Ziarats

ºZiarats at Masjid Nabawi

ºZiarat of the Holy Imams ('a) in Jannatul Baqi

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ºHajj Tamattu

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Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem
Published on 28th August, 2008

Umrah Tamattu

Provided by Hj Ali Nasour, Australian Hajj Group 

Ihram (see Ihram)

Tawaaf

Tawaaf Salaat

Talbiyah

Saee

Taqseer

Footnote

 As part of Hajj Tamattu, Umra Tamattu is compulsory for those planning to perform Hajj any time during Shawwal, Zilkaad or Zilhajj (of the same year).

Umrah Tamattu consists of:

  1. Ihraam (See Ihram section, Prerequisites for Ihram, Meeqats and Niyyats Section

  2. Tawaaf

  3. Tawaaf Salaat

  4. Saee

  5. Taqseer

Top1) Ihram ( See Ihram Section)

Meeqats

These are specific places in Saudi Arabia where pilgrims must put on Ihraam. If travelling from Madinah towards Makkah the Meeqat is Masjid Shajarah, if travelling from Jeddah it is necessary to stop at Johfa before proceeding to Makkah.

Talbiyyah

Talbiyyah must be recited immediately after the uttering of Niyyat and Talbiyyah should be recited personally and correctly with proper pronunciation as follows:

Transliteration:

Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik La Shareeka Laka Labbaik. Innal Hamda Wa Nn’imata Laka Wal Mulk, La Shareeka Laka Labbaik.

Translation:

Here I am at your service, O Lord, here I am. Here I am, No partner do you have. Here I am. Truly all praise and bounties are yours, and the dominion. No partner do you have” (
this dua can also be found on page 202 of Adabul Haramain)

One must pronounce and recite the Talbiyyah himself. A person who is dumb should point with his finger and move his tongue. Without Talbiyyah, Ihraam is invalid just as without Takbiratual Ihraam a prayer is invalid.

There is a mustahab dua that can be added after the Talbiyyah, please refer to page 214 of Adabul Haramain.

As soon as one has pronounced Talbiyyah the 25 acts below become Haraam.

Masjid al-Haram

This is the place where the Holy Kaaba is situated. There are a number of significant areas to be aware of within the Masjid:

  • The Holy Kaaba. The House of Allah and the birth place of Imam Ali b. Abi Talib (‘a)

  • Hajar al-Aswad (The Black Stone)

  • Maqam Ibrahim.

  • Hijr Ismail. This was the location of the house of Prophet Ismael (‘a). He and his mother are buried here. He denied access to anyone because he did not like it to be walked on. Other prophets are buried in this place also. According to Imam Baqir (‘a), the place between Rukn and Maqam is full of graves of the Prophets. According to Imam Sadiq (‘a), seventy prophets are buried between Rukn al-Aiman and Hajar al-Aswad.

  • Well of Zamzam.

  • Mizabe Rahmah: the golden trough (water channel) between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn Shami

  • Shadharwan.

  • Mustajar: This is just before Rukn Yamani whilst walking from Rukn Shami to Rukn Yamani. It has also been defined as the area between the Black Stone (hajar al-aswad) and the door of the Ka'aba.

  • Mutaawadh or Multazam: The place between Rukn Yamani and the Black Stone (hajar al-aswad)

  • Hatwim. According to the book "Adabul Haramain", this is the place between the door of the Ka'aba and Hajar al-Aswad. It is called Hatwim "the smasher" because it smashes major and minor sins of one who seeks forgiveness here. It is said that this is the place where Adam (‘a) was forgiven. According to the book ""Umra & Ziyarat", this is the place where Prophet Ismail, his mother and many other prophets are buried. See Hijr Ismail above.

  • Rukn al-Aiman (the right-hand side corner of the Ka'aba).This is opposite the Black Stone behind the House. The Prophet (‘s) said "Whenever I come at this point, I find Jibrail is already there before me." Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) said: "Rukn al-Aiman is our gate to Paradise". He also said: "In this place is one of the doors of Paradise that has never been closed since it was opened. There is a river from Paradise in which deeds of the servants are dropped." Also called Rukn al-Junubi. It comes before the Black Stone corner.

  • Rukn Shami/Gharbi. This is the corner of the Ka'aba that comes after Hijr Ismail.

  • Rukn al-Sharqi. This is the corner where Hajar al-Aswad rests.

  • Rukn al-Shimali / Iraqi. This is corner that comes after the Ka'aba's door before one reaches Hijr Ismail.

  • Mount Safa. When going to Safa for Saee, use the same door that the Prophet (‘s) used, which is Bab as-Safa, opposite the Black Stone.

  • Mount Marwa.

There are a number of duas that can be recited at various stages while entering and moving through Masjid al-Haram, these can be found in Adabul Haramain Pages 215 to 223 and are listed below:

  • Dua for entering the Holy shrine of Makkah
  • Standing at Baabus Salaam
  • While at the door of the mosque and when entering.
  • When proceeding to the Black Stone (Hajr-al-Aswad)

Top2) Tawaaf

Map of the Holy Ka'aba

Tawaaf is made up of 7 circuits around the Holy Kaaba. It is favourable to perform Tawaaf within Maqam Ibrahim, but if it is difficult then the pilgrim can perform Tawaaf behind Maqam Ibrahim if he is connected to people who are doing Tawaaf around the Kaaba.

Tawaaf is a Rukn, which means that if someone misses it out purposely or by ignorance and there is no time for Umrah Tamattu to be performed again his Hajj would be batil. The same also applies to those who miss out part of Tawaaf purposely or intentionally.

The time for performing Umrah Tamattu ends when one is unable to perform it before Wuqoof at Arafat. Those who are compelled to change their Hajj Tamattu into Hajj Ifraad please refer to an Aalim or Hajj masael texts.

Conditions of Tawaaf

  1. Taharat is necessary; Tawaaf without Wudhu (or Ghusl if necessary) would be batil even if due to forgetfulness or ignorance.

  2. The body and clothes must be paak, just as in salaat. As per Ehtiyat Wajib, even those najaasat which have been exempted in salaat, like blood less than size of a dirham, or that from a wound or injury, must be removed and made paak before Tawaaf, if not possible to do so, then it is Ehtiyat to appoint someone to perform Tawaaf on his behalf while also doing Tawaaf himself. If a person learns after Tawaaf, that his body or clothes were Najis, Tawaaf will be Valid. But if he has forgotten about the Najaasat and had performed Tawaaf he must make himself paak and repeat the Tawaaf.

  3. Men should be circumcised. Tawaaf by an uncircumcised man is Batil and he should not perform Saee, Taqseer or Tawaaf  Nisa. As per Ehtiyat Wajib, Tawaaf by uncircumcised children is batil, including Tawaaf Nisa, if they did those Tawaaf they would have to be repeated by the child after circumcision, or by someone appointed on is behalf. Until then he would not be able to take a wife.

  4. One must cover the private parts with clothes that are not Ghasbi. All those conditions applicable to clothes for salaat are applicable for Tawaaf also.Niyyat should be keep in mind that Tawaaf around the Kaaba is being performed for "Umrah Tamattu, Qurbatan Illalahi Ta'ala" (for the sake of Allah).

  5. Niyyat should be keep in mind that Tawaaf around the Kaaba is being performed for "Umrah Tamattu, Qurbatan Illalahi Ta'ala". (for the sake of Allah)

Wajib (obligatory) Parts of Tawaaf and Method

• BEGIN - The Tawaaf starts at Hajar al-Aswad, the niyyat should be made before Hajar al-Aswad and when one reaches parallel to it the first Tawaaf begins.
“I am performing Tawaaf of the Kaaba seven times for Umra Tamattu, for Hajjatul Islam (Wajib), Qurbatan Ilallaah.”

• END -Each circuit of the Tawaaf ends at Hajar al-Aswad. In the last circuit it is recommended to go further round the Kaaba a little past Hajar al-Aswad to make sure that Tawaaf is completed.

• TOUCHING - One must not touch the Kaaba or any of its parts, including the raised parts near the foundations of the Kaaba, it is also Ehtiyat not to touch the walls of Hijr Ismael or pass over them, if one passes over it then that part of the Tawaaf would need to be repeated.

• AREA - Hijr Ismael should be included in Tawaaf, one must not pass through Hijr Ismael, if one does, that circuit would become batil and would need to be repeated again from Hajar al-Aswad.

• MUWALAT (sequential continuity) - The circuits must be performed sequentially, one after the other, not doing anything to disrupt the continuity of the Tawaaf

• ROUNDS - One must complete only seven circuits, not more or less

• METHOD - While doing Tawaaf one should ensure that the Kaaba is parallel to the left shoulder. If for any reason one turns in such a way that the Kaaba is not on the left side then some steps should be retraced and that part of the Tawaaf would need to be repeated. If retracing steps is not possible one should proceed around the Kaaba until one reaches the place where one turned away and make niyyat to continue the Tawaaf from there.

• DISTANCE –One should remain within 26 and a half arms length from the Kaaba while performing Tawaaf, which is the distance between the Kaaba and Maqam Ibrahim. This is Mustahab.

Mustahab Acts in Tawaaf

  • There are duas that are mustahab to recite for each of the seven rounds of the Kaaba, please refer to the small hand held book ‘Duas for Tawaf’ or Adabul Haramain Page224 to 228

  • To recite Zikr of Allah such as Allahu Akber Al-Hamdu Lillah, Subhanallah La Illaha Illallah.

  • To recite Sura’s such as Sura Al-Hamd, Sura Al-Ikhlas, Sura An-Naas, Sura Al-Qadr.

  • To recite Salawat

  • To seek refuge in Allah from Shaitan.

  • To remember ones sins and lapses and seek forgiveness for them.

  • To pray for oneself, one’s parents and the Mo'mineen.

Masaels for Tawaaf

A. If a person purposely performs fewer rounds, it is wajib that they proceed to complete the remaining rounds provided nothing has disrupted Muwalat (continuity) and the sequence has been done. If Muwalat has been disrupted then the Tawaaf must be repeated.

Tawaaf is a Rukn, which means that if someone misses it out purposely or by ignorance and there is no time for Umra Tamattu to be performed again his Hajj would be batil. The same also applies to those who miss out part of Tawaaf.

The time for performing Umrah Tamattu ends when one is unable to perform it before Wuqoof at Arafat. Those who are compelled to change their Hajj Tamattu into Hajj Ifraad please refer to an Aalim or Hajj masael texts.

B. If due to forgetfulness a person performs less than seven rounds but does not exceed three and half rounds, then the whole Tawaaf must be performed all over again. If he has exceeded three and half rounds then:

  1. if only one circuit has been forgotten, he should complete it

  2. if he has missed more than one he should complete the remaining circuits but before Tawaaf Salaat he should perform the whole Tawaaf all over again (as per Ehtiyat-e-Wajib) and then pray it’s Salaat

For Mustahab Tawaaf it is sufficient just to complete any remaining rounds, there is no need to repeat Tawaaf.

C. If someone purposely performs more than seven rounds;

  1. it would be a Makrooh act if the Tawaaf was a Mustahab Tawaaf

  2. in a Wajib Tawaaf, it is forbidden to join two Tawaaf. It invalidates Tawaaf irrespective of whether the intention was made before, during or at the completion of Tawaaf. However, if the extra round or rounds were performed aimlessly, Tawaaf would not be affected.

  3. If someone decides to perform more than seven rounds then Tawaaf is batil from the beginning

  4. If someone decides during Tawaaf, it becomes batil from that point.

  5. If someone decides at the end the Tawaaf would be Batil – It is Ehtiyat that the Tawaaf Salaat is performed and then the Whole Tawaaf and its Salaat be repeated.

D. If someone forgets and adds to the seventh round of Tawaaf, and if that addition is less than one complete round, he should abandon it, and his Tawaaf would be valid.
If the addition is one full round or more, his Wajib Tawaaf would be valid, but it is Mustahab that he should proceed and complete seven rounds with the niyyat of Qurbat. As per Ahwat, he will recite Salaat for the Wajib Tawaaf before Saee, and for the Mustahab Tawaaf after Saee. As per Ehtiyat, it is Recommended that the Wajib Tawaaf and its Salaat be repeated.

E. When someone forgets Tawaaf altogether or a part of it, and does not remember about it until he returns to his country or city, it would be wajib upon him to appoint someone to perform Tawaaf on his behalf if he finds it difficult to return to Makkah for that purpose. As per Ehtiyat Wajib he should also give Qurbani of a camel (as per Ahwat).

F. If someone has doubts about the number of rounds he has performed after completing Tawaaf, he should ignore that doubt. If doubt occurs at the end of any round, he should decide that it is the seventh round. When a doubt occurs during any of the rounds as to whether it is the seventh or eighth, then as per Ehtiyat, Tawaaf is batil, he should perform Tawaaf Salaat and then he should repeat the whole Tawaaf and its Salaat.

G. If a person is sure that he has not performed more than seven circuits but is in doubt as to whether he has completed the seven circuits, he should repeat the whole Tawaaf. It is Ehtiyat that when doubt occurs that the lesser number be taken, the Tawaaf should be completed along with its Salaat, then the Tawaaf and the Salaat should be performed again.

H. If a person is pushed further during Tawaaf by the surging crowd of pilgrims, his Tawaaf would be valid as long as he is in full control of himself and the Niyyat for Tawaaf is unchanged.

I. Although it has more Thawaab to do Tawaaf and Saee on ones feet, it is permissible to do it on wheelchairs, carriages or upon the shoulders of others.

Top3) Tawaaf Salaat

Tawaaf Salaat is a two Rakaat Salaat, exactly like Fajr prayers, Wajib after every Tawaaf. This Salaat can be prayed silently or loudly. It is Ehtiyat that Salaat be recited immediately after Tawaaf and that it is performed behind Maqam Ibrahim. When that becomes impossible then one can pray at any place behind Maqam Ibrahim or at the sides, but as close as is possible. However it is better to repeat that Salaat if one finds a place behind Maqam Ibrahim.

The niyyat is as follows:

“I am reciting 2 Rakaat Salaat of Tawaaf, for Umra Tamattu, for Hajjatul Islam, Wajib Qurbatan Illallah”
The dua to be recited after Tawaaf Salaat is on Page 229 of Adabul Haramain

A. If one forgets wajib Salaat of Tawaaf, he should go and pray behind Maqam Ibrahim whenever he remembers. If he remembers after Saee and other acts, it will not be necessary to repeat Saee and other rituals although it is Ahwat to do so.

B. If someone forgets Tawaaf Salaat, he must return to Maqam Ibrahim to perform it. If it becomes difficult to return, one should perform it at the place where he remembered it, even if it is another city. It is better for one to appoint someone to go to Maqam-e-Ibrahim and recite it on his behalf.

C. If someone forgets the Wajib Tawaaf Salaat and dies before he can perform it, then it is wajib on the eldest son to give its Qadha.

Top4) Saee

Saee is wajib to be performed after Tawaaf Salaat. Saee means to travel seven times between Safa and Marwa. This can be done walking, riding or by being carried on one’s shoulders.

Saee starts from Safa towards Marwa – that’s the first, then returning from Marwa to Safa – that’s the second. Each time one goes from Safa to Marwa and comes back, one has completed two. This way the seventh will finish at Marwa.

Saee is a Rukn : if someone leaves it out due to forgetfulness or ignorance, he must perform it and do Taqseer if he remembers before Wuqoof at Arafat.

It is not necessary to be in Wudhu or Ghusl in Saee, nor is it necessary for the body or the clothes to be Paak. However it is Ehtiyat Mustahab to be in Wudhu or Ghusl.

Wajib Parts of Saee

  • Niyyat is Wajib, if a person doing Saee for Umra Tamattu he must have in mind that he is doing seven Saee between Safa and Marwa for Umra Tamattu in Hajj in obedience to the command of Allah. It is Mustahab to utter the words of Niyyat and to say it before Saee so that his Saee is fully covered by the Niyyat.
    “I am performing Saee between Safa and Marwa for Umra Tamattu, for Hajjatul Islam, Wajib Qurbatan Ilallaah.”

  • Saee must begin from Safa and end at Marwa. In order to be absolutely sure, as per Ehtiyat, one must climb parts of the rocks, which are at Safa and Marwa and include them in Saee.

  • Saee must be seven in all, no more or less. If a person knowingly performs more, his Saee would be Batil. If he does it forgetfully or because of ignorance of the masael, his Saee would be valid.

  • If a person forgets altogether, or forgets and performs fewer than seven walks, he must perform it fully or partly, as the case may be, when he remembers.

  • If he has already left Makkah, even back to his own country, he must return to perform Saee at its place. If he cannot return, he can appoint someone to perform it on his behalf. It is Ehtiyat Mustahab that if he had not completed four full walks that he first completes the remaining walks and then repeats the full Saee again.

  • If a person forgets and performs less than seven Saee, remains in Ihraam, and forbidden acts do not become permissible for him until he completes the remaining part of Saee. If he has sexual intercourse or cuts his nails in this situation he must give a Kaffara of one cow.

  • If a person forgets Saee altogether and remembers after returning to his own country or city, he must appoint someone to perform Saee on his behalf. If he has sexual intercourse or cuts his nails in this situation he must give Kaffara.

  • If a doubt occurs about the number of walks after completing Saee, that doubt should be ignored. If one has a strong feeling that one has performed fewer than seven walks then it is Ehtiyat to repeat Saee again.

  • If someone doubts while at Marwa whether he has performed seven walks or more he should ignore that doubt. If the doubt occurs between Safa and Marwa as to whether it is the seventh or eighth time, Saee will be Batil and it must be repeated.

  • Saee must be performed between Safa and Marwa and in its usual designated route.

  • It is wajib that while walking from Safa, one should face Marwa, and while returning, one should face Safa, if one walks in reverse (facing Marwa while going towards Safa or vice versa) Saee would not be correct.

  • It is wajib that the clothes and shoes worn in Saee are Mubah and not Ghasbi

  • It is wajib that Saee is performed after Tawaaf. If someone forgets due to ignorance and performs Saee before Tawaaf, it is Ehtiyat Wajib for him to perform Saee again after Tawaaf.

Mustahab Acts in Saee

  • To be with Tahaarat i.e. Wudhu or Ghusl.

  • Before performing Saee to kiss or make salaam to Hajar al-Aswad.

  • Before performing Saee to drink the water of Zamzam and pour it on one's body.

  • To proceed to Safa for Saee through the door facing Hajar al-Aswad called Babus-Safa.

  • To go with peace of mind and reverence.

  • To climb the steps of Safa and to kiss the corner of the stone of Safa.

  • To thank the Almighty and praise Him and remember His kindness.

  • To read Duas and Zikr during the walk. For Duas refer to Adabul Haramain Pages 231 to 238.

Top5) Taqseer

Taqseer is wajib to be done after Saee, intending to be relieved from Ihraam, so that certain forbidden acts which are normally permissible if not in Ihraam during Umra Tamattu, become permissible.
The niyyat of Taqseer should be that one is doing it for the sake of obedience to the command of Allah.
“I am doing Taqseer for Umra Tamattu, for Hajjatul Islam Wajib, Qurbatan Ilallaah.”
Taqseer means to cut off some of ones nails or hair from the head, beard or moustache.

It is Haraam to shave off the hair of the head in Umra Tamattu.

  • If someone shaves off his head hair completely in Umra Tamattu knowingly or otherwise, it is Ehtiyat for him to sacrifice a sheep.

  • If a person forgets Taqseer altogether, and does not remember until wearing Ihraam for Hajj Tamattu, his Umra would be valid but as per Ehtiyat Wajib he must give Kaffara of one sheep.

  • If a person purposely avoids Taqseer until the time he puts on Ihraam for Hajj Tamattu, his Umra would be Batil. His Hajj would then be Hajj Ifraad and after completion it is Ehtiyat Wajib for him to perform Umra Mufradah and to do Hajj all over again the next year.

After Taqseer, all those acts which were forbidden while in Ihraam for Umra Tamattu become Halaal and permissible, except shaving of the head, which is still haraam for him.

TopFootnote: Tawaaf an Nisa

Tawaaf an Nisa is not wajib in Umra Tamattu. It is Wajib in Hajj Tamattu and Umra Mufradah, regardless of whether it is a Wajib Hajj or Mustahab.

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