Published on 26th August, 2008
Fiqh Questions Concerning Ihram
Provided by Hj Ali Nasour, Australian Haj Group
Is wearing of Ihraam necessary for women?
Women may assume Ihraam in her usual clothes provided it
should not be made of silk or leather and is not fashionable
wear. It is mustahab to wear white cotton.
What is the rule regarding the use of cream/oil (perfumed or
non-perfumed) during the state of Ihraam?
It is not permissible to apply oil/cream, whether perfumed or
not, on the body or head hair. If necessary and advised by the
doctor one can apply non-perfumed oil/cream, if the oil/cream
is perfumed then a sheep must be given as Kaffara.
Is one allowed to wear ornaments?
Any ornament worn for adornment
(including the application of Henna) is not allowed. If the
use of such things is considered adornment or can attract
na-mahram, as an obligatory precaution, avoid wearing them.
The ornaments worn all the time at home can be worn provided
they are concealed from the sight of na-mahrams and their
Is it permissible to cover faces for women in Ihraam?
It is not permissible for women to cover their faces. If they
wish to do so the veil must not touch the face at all. When
wiping the face care should be taken to not cover the face
completely with a towel/chaader.
Is it permissible for muhrim men (men in Ihraam) to pass under
long bridges or through tunnels?
There is no objection.
Can a person take a bath in the state of Ihraam?
Yes but one should not use any toiletries which are perfumed,
neither should one look into the mirror or comb his hair. One
should follow all the muhrimaat (prohibited things in the
state of Ihraam).
For Followers of Seyyid Golpaygani, is it wajib for ladies to
wear two unsewn clothes when putting on the Ihraam?
It is Ehtiyat-e-Wajib. It is allowed to
remove these after niyyat and talbiyyah. For this masael one
can refer to another Mujatahid.
Can men travel by covered bus/car at night while in the state
Those Followers of Seyyid Khui cannot
travel by covered car/bus even at night. Those following
Seyyid Golpaygani or Seyyid Seestani can travel in covered
vehicles only at night and if there is no rain. This rule is
not applicable to women, they are permitted to travel in this
Can women wear socks in the state of Ihraam?
Yes she can wear them.
Can women wear gloves in the state of Ihraam?
One of the restricted items during the state of Ihraam is
killing of insects. What is the rule is one finds lice on the
is forbidden to kill the lice or to throw them away from one’s
body. If it is killed the Kaffara is to feed the poor Shia a
handful of food. As for mosquitoes, gnats and such like, as a
matter of caution, it is better to avoid killing them so long
as they do not harm the pilgrim, it is permissible to kill
them to protect oneself, although as a matter or caution one
should avoid doing so.
Can a Muhrim man wear a hernia belt or a belt for protecting
Yes but it would be better not to if his health will not
Can men wear an ordinary crepe bandage for stopping varicose
veins from bleeding?
When it is very cold can men cover themselves with blankets or
shawls in the state of Ihraam while travelling or at a
Yes but his head should not be covered.
Can a man wear a belt for securing his Ihraam
It is not allowed if the belt is worn with the intention to
secure the Ihraam. It is permissible to wear the belt for the
safekeeping of money, valuables and documents etc.
Can a muhrim man wear undergarments or stitched clothes under
Should a separate Kaffara be given by a muhrim man if he
travels from Meeqat by plane and gets down at airport and
continues to travel by closed vehicles for Makkah?
NO. One Kaffara is sufficient for all journeys undertaken for
one Ihraam, e.g. if a plane, taxi/bus is used after Ihraam of
Umra Tamattu, one Kaffara is enough, the same applies for
Ihraam of Hajj Tamattu. However, it is Mustahab to give
Kaffara for every travelling.
Should one assume the Ihraam of Hajj from any point in the old
city Makkah, or from any point in the current day city of
It is permissible to assume Ihraam from any point within the
old city of Makkah, however it is better to assume it in
Can one remove Ihraam after sacrifice and Halq/Taqseer?
One can remove the Ihraam clothes, although it is Makrooh to
do so until Tawaaf of Ziyarat, its Salaat and Saee of Hajj
Tamattu has been completed, if performed on the same day or
One of the muhrimaat in Ihraam is perfume. How should the
clothes of Ihraam be washed as all detergents used for clothes
washing has a fragrance?
It is better to wash with non-perfumed soap. If you do use
fragranced detergents ensure that the clothes are rinsed many
times so no smell of perfume remains. Whilst travelling ensure
your Ihraam is kept away from external perfume.
Is it permissible to interrupt an obligatory or mustahab
It is permissible although it is more in accord with caution
not to break off during an obligatory Tawaaf to avoid
violation of muwalaat.
When Tawaaf is done by a group, some finish early and some
later. Is it okay to wait for all in order to pray theTawaaf
It is okay to wait so long as it is only
for a few minutes. It is better to advise the group to meet up
after they have prayed their Tawaaf Salaat, then they can
proceed to Saee together.
In the state of Ihraam can the husband help his wife in Tawaaf
and the other rites by holding her?
He can help her as long as he does not
hold her with lust.
Is it correct for a man and woman to recite this Salaat side
by side behind Maqam Ibrahim?
There is no objection if there is a distance of at least a
wajab (20cm/8inches) or the man stands a little ahead of the
What should a person do if he remembers while in Saee that he
has forgotten to pray Tawaaf Salaat?
He should break his Saee and go to
perform the Tawaaf Salaat at the proper place and then return
to perform Saee all over again.
Is it alright if one is tired during Saee to stop and rest for
some time before continuing to finish Saee?
It is all right provided the resting time
is not prolonged unnecessarily. Once rested a little one can
continue. One can rest at Safa, Marwa or if necessary anywhere
on the way.
Can you turn 180 degrees and read dua for the group during
No you cannot as the condition is that the face should be
towards the mountain to which you are going.
What should a person do if they intentionally, ignorantly or
forgetfully omits Taqseer when performing Umra Tamattu and
then goes on to assume Ihraam of Hajj Tamattu?
If it was intentional, then Umra Tamattu would be invalidated
and his Hajj turns into Hajj Ifraad. As a caution it would be
obligatory for him to return next year and perform Hajj again.
If it was because of forgetfulness his hajj will be valid and
he should sacrifice one sheep and distribute the meat to poor
Can a muhrim do Taqseer of another muhrim?
As per Ehtiyat one does one’s own Taqseer first and then the
Taqseer for others.
Can Taqseer after Saee of Umra Tamattu/Mufradah
be done at night time?
Where can the hair from Taqseer of Umra/Hajj be buried?
As there is no facility at Marwa to bury them, you can throw
them. It is mustahab to bury them near your tent in Mina if
Should one be awake during Wuqoof in
Yes, the person should be conscious. If
the person sleeps or is unconscious throughout the wuqoof
period (from Dhuhr to Maghrib) the Wuqoof will not be valid.
However, if the pilgrim was awake at the start of the period
of Wuqoof and then he slept or became unconscious, the stay
would be valid.
Should women collect their own pebbles for Ramii in Muzdalifa?
She can if she wants or someone can collect them on her
Can a pilgrim appoint another person (Naib) to do Ramii on
their behalf because of rush, distance, tiredness or laziness?
No, one has to do it themselves as you can do Ramii at night
when there is no rush. Distance, tiredness or laziness are not
valid reasons to appoint a Naib.
Can a person appoint a Naib if he/she is not mobile or is very
Yes, in these circumstances only. If,
however, he/she feels that by waiting they will be fit and
mobile it would be better to wait and perform Ramii
Can one borrow pebbles from other companions to do Ramii?
What is the obligatory period of spending the night at Mina?
The obligatory period is half of the night, one has the option
of the first half and the second half.
If one fails to make the nightly half at Mina from sunset to
midnight or midnight to sunrise, what is the rule for him?
He should sacrifice a sheep for each night omitted, even if
one acts out of ignorance or forgetfulness.
Where should one slaughter the sacrificial animal relating to
the Kaffara that became obligatory on a Muhrim and how is it
to be used?
The Kaffara is to be given to the poor Shias. If the Kaffara
is because of hunting during Umra the place for sacrifice is
Makkah, if it is for hunting during Hajj the place is Mina.
All other Kaffara can be done in your home town.
What is the rule regarding making the sacrifice in the new
To offer sacrifice in the new sacrificial grounds is valid and
permissible, provided it is in Mina, if it is not possible at
all to do it in the Mina boundary due to not being under our
control, it is permissible to do it in the Haram area (i.e.
Makkah). The automation system is not accepted.
If one delays the performing of sacrifice beyond Eid day due
to incapacity, could he also put off doing Halq/Taqseer?
Yes, he should delay until the sacrifice
After Qurbani, can one do Halq/Taqseer after sunset.
One must wait and do it in the daytime.
The distribution of Qurbani meat is one
part from oneself, one part for Momin and one part for the
poor Shia. As there are no poor in the place of sacrifice, can
one give the value of one third of the meat to the poor in
advance of performing Hajj or can one give it after returning
It can be given in advance or afterwards but it should only be
given to Mo’mineen.
Can we do Qurbani by buying government
coupons of sacrifice?
Can we give the value of the sacrificial animals given that
the meat is wasted.
To which poor one-third of meat or Qurbani or its value should
To a poor Shia.
Is it necessary to perform Tawaaf-un-Nisa?
Can one perform it in stitched clothes? Is Tawaaf-un-Nisa
obligatory for a person doing Hajj on behalf of a dead muslim?
Yes, is obligatory to perform it. One can
perform it wearing stitched clothes. It is obligatory to
perform Tawaaf-un-Nisa for a person doing Hajj on behalf of a
Is it permissible for women in haidh who cannot enter into a
mosque, to assume Ihraam from a parallel point?
Yes, in the compounds of Masjid Shajarah
if she is travelling from Madinah or in the compounds of
Masjid-e- Johfa if she travels from Jeddah to go to Makkah.
It is very difficult to maintain oneself in Ihraam. Some women
experience Haidh for 5-8 days, will she go on paying Kaffara
for every mistake she makes? Is there any other remedy for
Yes, wherever applicable and obligatory.
There is no other remedy. All muhrimaat should be observed.
What should she do if she gets her menses on her way to Makkah?
She will have to wait for the period to be over, take her
Ghusl and proceed with Tawaaf and other acts.
What should she do if she suspects she has her menses during
She should leave the mosque immediately and check it. If
confirmed she will wait for the period to finish, do ghusl and
then start Tawaaf again and then finish other rites. If not
confirmed, she should finish her Tawaaf, if she had completed
four rounds or over, if not she should start Tawaaf again from
After performing Tawaaf, Salaat etc, she
realizes she is in menses and doubts or even feels that it
must have started with Tawaaf or Salaat. What should she do?
If doubt comes after the acts have been completed then the
doubt should be ignored. If she is sure, then she must wait
until she is Paak and then restart.
What should she do if she experiences Haidh after Tawaaf
Her Tawaaf and Salaat is valid. She should leave the mosque
immediately and perform Saee even if in an impure state
followed by Taqseer if Saee is for Umra Tamattu, if Saee is
for Hajj then Taqseer will have already been done in Mina. She
will need to wait for her period to finish and do her ghusl of
Haidh before being able to do Tawaaf un Nisa and its Salaat.
What should she do if her menses begin before Tawaaf un Nisa
and she has to travel back home?
She should appoint someone to do these
two acts on her behalf.
When wearing the Ihraam of Umra Tamattu, a woman is in her
menses and is still in menses at the time of wearing Ihraam
for Hajj Tamattu. What rules should she apply?
She cannot give the whole Niyabat for Umra Tamattu. She will
changer her niyyat to Hajj Ifraad and proceed to Arafat,
Mashar, Mina and as soon as she is paak she will first perform
Aamal Makkah and then Umra-e-Mufradah with wajib niyyat, i.e.
she will wear Ihraam from Masjid Taneem, perform Tawaaf, its
Salaat, Saee, Taqseer, Tawaaf un Nisa, its Salaat. Her hajj
will be termed Hajj Ifraad but she will not do Qurbani at
Mina. She will still be termed as a Hajiyaani.
If the menses are not yet over after returning to Makkah from
Mina and her companions want to leave for Madinah or home and
she cannot stay in Makkah alone, what should she do?
She will appoint someone to do Tawaaf and its Salaat for her,
She will do Saee herself and she will appoint someone to do
Tawaaf-un-Nisa and its Salaat.
Can one indulge in sex after completing
Tawaaf un Nisa and its Salaat but before finishing the Aamals
Is it allowed to take pills to control menses if the health is
If your health is not in danger then it is permissible to take
Can a lady adorn herself before Tawaaf-un-Nisa and its Salaat,
i.e. wear all the ornaments that were removed when muhrim?
Yes provided the ornaments do not attract any na-mahram or her
What should a lady who is afraid her periods may start in Mina
and linger for a long period of time?
She can perform her Tawaaf of Ziyarat, its Salaat, Saee,
Tawaaf-un-Nisa and its Salaat in advance after wearing her
Ihraam in Makkah, but she will have to redo all these actions
if her period finishes earlier and she has time to perform all
the acts again.
If blood is spotted on the first day, then stops on the second
day and third day, and a drop is seen again on the fourth and
fifth day and then nothing is seen again, how would the blood
Treat as haidh if blood is continuously
seen for three days consecutively. In this case it is
What is the rule for Istehadha?
The blood that is seen by a women monthly/irregularly for less
than three days or more than ten days is called Istehadha, and
for praying the rules governing Wudhu/Ghusl should be
followed. In Istehadha, the woman is Paak if the rules are
followed and she is normal like any other woman.