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ºMadinah Outside Ziarats

ºZiarats at Masjid Nabawi

ºZiarat of the Holy Imams ('a) in Jannatul Baqi

ºZiarats at Masjid Nabawi

ºHajj Tamattu

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Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem
Published on 14th September 2008/14 Ramadhan 1429

Al-Hajj

Conversation between our fourth Holy Imam Zainul Abidin ('a) and Shibli.

ºThe Black Stone

ºMaqam Ibrahim

ºThe Holy Kaaba

ºZam Zam

ºSafa and Mawa

Holy Kaaba. Photo credit M.Al-Zahra

ºArafat

ºAl-Muzdalifah

ºMina

ºThe Mosques of Mecca

ºGhar Hilla

When the 4th Imam ('a) returned from Hajj, Shibli came to meet him. The Imam asked him:
Imam: Did you go for Hajj O Shibli?
Shibli: Yes O son of the Messenger of Allah
Imam: Did you stop at the Miqaat and put away the sewn clothes and perform the sacred bath?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you stopped at miqaat did you make the intention that you are taking off the clothes of disobedience and putting on the clothes of obedience?
Shibli: No
Imam: And when you had taken off your sewn clothes did you make the intention that you had taken off hypocrisy and entering dubious acts?
Shibli: No
Imam: And when you took the bath did you have the intention that you are washing yourself from all sins and errors?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not stop at Miqaat, nor did you take off sewn clothes nor did you perform the sacred bath.
Imam: Did you cleanse yourself and put on Ihram and fulfil your covenant of Hajj?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you did this did you have the intention that you are cleaning yourself with the nurah of the sincere repentance to Almighty Allah the most high?
Shibli: No
Imam: When you put on the Ihram did you have the intention that you are forbidding yourself everything that Almighty Allah has forbidden?
Shibli: No.
Imam: When you fulfilled the covenant of Hajj did you have the intention that you have nullified all other covenants with other than Allah?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not cleanse yourself nor did you put on the Ihram nor did you fulfil the covenant of Hajj.
Imam: Did you enter the Miqaat and pray the two rakats of the Ihram and did you chant Talbiyah
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you entered the Miqaat, did you make the intention of entering as a visitor?
Shibli: No
Imam: When you prayed the two rakaats did you make the intention that you are trying to get closer to Allah ('s) with the best of acts from the prayers and the biggest of good deeds from the acts of worship?
Shibli: No
Imam: When you chanted the Talbiyah did you have the intention that you were talking to Almighty Allah with all obedience and keeping quiet from all disobedience?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not enter Miqaat nor did you pray nor did you chant the Talbiyah
Imam: Did you enter the Haram and did you see the Kaaba and did you pray there?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you entered the Haram did you have the intention that you were prohibiting on yourself all backbiting of all the Muslims from the Nations of Islam?
Shibli: No
Imam And when you reached Makka did you make the intention with your heart that you had come to Almighty Allah (swt)?
Shibli: No
Imam: You have neither entered Haram nor seen the Kaaba nor prayed.
Shibli:
Imam: Did you go round the house and did you touch the Rukn and did you make Saee?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: And when you did the Saee did you have the intention that you were running towards Almighty Allah and did Allah the knower of all secrets know this?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not go round the house nor did you touch rukn nor did you make Saee.
Imam: Did you touch the Hajar al- Aswad and did you stand at the Maqame Ibrahim and did you pray two rakats on it?
Shibli: Yes
Here the Imam gave a scream as if he was about to leave this world saying Ah! Ah! Whoever touches the black stone it is as if he has shaken hands with Almighty Allah ('s). So Look O poor chap that you do not destroy the reward of something whose sacredness has been made very great and you do not spoil your Handshake by disobedience and by grasping evil like the sinners. Then
Imam asked: Did you have the intention when you were standing on Maqame Ibrahim that you were are standing on every obedience and that you have put behind you all disobedience?
Shibli: No
Imam: When you prayed two rakaats there did you make the intention that you are praying the prayers of Ibrahim and that you are humiliating Shaitan with your prayers?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not stand on Maqame Ibrahim nor did you pray two rakats on it.
Imam: Did you look over the well of Zamzam and did you drink from its water?
Shibli: Yes.
Imam: Did you have the intention when you were looking over the well that you looking at obedience to Almighty Allah and closing your eyes from all disobedience?
Shibli: No.
Imam: You did not look over it nor did you drink from it’s water.
Imam: Did you run between Safa and Marwa and did you walk between it repeatedly?
Shibli: Yes.
Imam: Did you have the intention that you were between hope and fear?
Shibli: No
Imam: You did not run between Safa and Marwa. 
Imam: Did you go out to Mina?
Shibli: Yes.
Imam: Did you have the intention that every Muslim was safe from your tongue, your heart and your and hands.
Shibli: No. You did not go out to Mina.
Imam: Did you stay a short time at Arafat and did you climb Jabal Al Rahman and
did you recognize the wadi of Namira and did to supplicate to Almighty Allah near Al-Mil and Al-Jamaraat?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: Did you conceive by your stay in Arafat the gnosis (Irfan) of Almighty Allah ('s) and the knowledge of good things and acts; and did you conceive that your book of deeds was in the hands of Allah and that Allah had full knowledge of your secrets and what is in your heart?
Shibli: No.
Imam: And when you climbed the Jabal Al Rahman did you have the intention that Almighty Allah may have mercy on all believing men and all believing women and that He will help all Muslim men and women?
Shibli: No.
Imam: Did you have the intention at Wadi Namira that you would not enjoin good until you practice it yourself and you would not forbid evil until you leave it yourself?
Shibli: No
Imam: and when you stopped at Alam and Al-Amirat did you have the intention that they were witnessing all your acts of worship and that they were guarding you together with guardian angels by the order of Almighty Allah?
Shibli No
Imam: then you did not stay at Arafat nor did you go up the Mountain of Mercy nor did you recognize the Wadi of Namirah nor did you supplicate to Almighty Allah Imam: Did you pass between the two columns pray two rakah before crossing, go to Muzdalifah pick up pebbles and cross the Mash’arul Haram?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you prayed the two Rakats, did you have the intention that you were praying the prayer of thanksgiving within the ten nights which removes every hardship and facilitates every ease?
Shibli: No.
Imam: At the time of passing between the two columns without deviating to the right or the left did you have the intention that you would never deviate from the true religion to the right or the left neither with your heart, tongue nor with your limbs?
Shibli: No.
Imam: When you walked through Muzdalifah and picked up the pebbles did you have the intention that you have plucked all acts of disobedience and ignorance and that you had affirmed knowledge and action?
Shibli: No.
Imam: Then when you walked in the Mash’aril Haram did you have the intention that you had embossed your heart with the identification of those who have taqwa and fear of Almighty Allah the Most High?
Shibli: No.
Imam: Then you did not pass between the two columns nor did you pray the two rakah, nor walked into Muzdalifah, nor picked up the pebbles nor walked in the Mash’arul Haram.
Imam: Did you arrive at Mina, throw stones at the Jamarah and did you shave your head and slaughter the sacrifice and did you pray in Masjid al-Kheef and did you return to Makka and perform the Tawaf of Ifadha (return) to Makka?
Shibli: Yes
Imam: When you reached Mina and pelted the Jamaraat did you have the intention that you have attained your goal and your Lord has fulfilled all your needs?
Shibli: No.
Imam: And when you pelted the Jamaraat did you have the intention that you had pelted your enemy Iblees and by completing this precious Hajj you had disobeyed him?
Shibli: No.
Imam: And when you shaved your head did you have the intention that you had cleansed yourself from all filth and from all the injustice of the children of Adam and that you had purified yourself from sin just like a new born baby.
Shibli: No.
Imam: And when you slaughtered your hadiya did you have the intention that you are cutting the artery of greed by holding fast to the reality of piety and that you are following the tradition of Ibrahim ('s)  when he was prepared to slaughter his son, the fruit of his heart, through which he established the sunna of gaining nearness to Almighty Allah for those who came after him?
Shibli: No.
Imam: And when you returned to Makka and did the tawaaf of Ifadha did you have the intention that you had come back with the Mercy of Almighty Allah to His obedience and that you had clasped His love that you had performed your duty to Him and had gained nearness to him?
Shibli: No.
Imam: Then you did not reach Mina nor did you pelt the Jamaraat nor did you shave your head nor did you slaughter the hadiya nor did you pray in the Masjid Al-Kheef nor did you return to Makka and perform the tawaaf of Ifadha. Go back because you have not performed Hajj!!

Having heard all this Shibli started to cry because of what he had missed in his Hajj and he continued to learn the secrets of Hajj until he could perform the Hajj through knowledge and understanding.

"And remember when Abraham raised the foundations of the house with Ishmael"
(2:127)

TopThe Black Stone

Hajar al Aswad- The Black corner stoneThe most sacred thing in the House of God is the Black stone (Al- Hajar Al- Aswad). The Prophet of God Abraham ('a) placed it in the eastern Corner of the Kaaba, then our Prophet Muhammad ('s)  put it again, with his hands, in the same place when Quraysh rebuilt the House,  the Prophet ('s) was only 35 years old. It was narrated that the different tribes disagreed on who would be honoured to put the stone in its original place, until the Prophet ('s) came and solved the problem.

The Black stone is a heavy elliptic shape stone, with a 30cm diameter. From it "Tawaf" starts around the House and since Abraham ('s) put it in place, it has ever been respected and exalted.  It stands about 1.5 meters above the ground. 
 
Abraham used to make Pilgrimage to the House every year, as did all the succeeding prophets and nations. In some of the narrations, it is said that "...Between the corner and the standing place up to Zamzam, there exists the graves of ninety nine Prophets who came for pilgrimage and were buried there".

TopMaqam Ibrahim

Across from the door of the Kaaba, and a few meters away, there exists a stone inside a cage, it is called the  standing place of Abraham (Maqam Ibrahim). God the Almighty said: 

"And Take ye the standing place of Abraham, as a place of prayer" 
(2:125
)

Here, it is note worthy to say that the Holy House and its Mosque have been subject to expansions and renovations, in the past and recent times. Currently, its surface area is about 193 square meters, which fits about 400,000 pilgrims at one time.

As for the exterior areas, they are 40 thousand square meters, which can hold about 65 thousand pilgrims. After the end of the on going renovations, it is expected that the surface area would reach 309 thousand square meters, which can fit around 605 thousand pilgrims at one time. 

TopThe Holy Kaaba

The Kaaba is located in the middle of the Holy Mosque. It is one big square shaped room, with an elevation of 15 meters. Its main door is 2 meters from the ground. The corners of the Kaaba are called Arkan and they are as follows: 

  • The Northern corner is called the Iraqi Ruqn

  • The Southern corner is called the Yemani Ruqn.

  • The Western corner is called the Sammi Ruqn.

  • The Eastern corner is called the Black stone Ruqn.

The Layout of Al Haram in Makkah. Map supplied by Islamic Occasions

The Kaaba is standing on a foundation made up of marble, and its walls are of greyish stones brought from  the  neighbouring mountains. The walls are covered with a huge silky textile coloured in black with some tree drawings. On it was sewn the statement of testimony, and at two thirds of its height  a golden belt of Qur'anic  verses is  woven. Across  from  the North-western wall, there is a white marble wall, in a Semi- circular shape, called (Al- Hatim). Its elevation is 3 feet and thickness 5 feet. Between Al Hatim and Al Kaaba, Hijr Ishmael is buried, which is better known as "Hijr Ishmael".( Ishmael's Mother).

TopZam Zam

It is a sacred well, also called the well of Ishmael, and located in the precinct across the Eastern Ruqn. Its depth is about 140 feet.  

TopSafa and Marwa

They are two rocks within the honourable precinct. The pilgrims would jog between them seven times, as one of the mandatory ceremonies during Al- Hajj and Umra. 

TopArafat

Arafat. Photo credit Hj S. AbidinIt is a mountain 12 miles east of Mecca, with a height of 150 feet. It is also called the Mountain of Mercy. The pilgrims go to it after Tawaf around Kaaba, to perform the ceremony of standing there at noon time of the 9th of Dhu'l Hijja. The standing there is meant as a presence in that place.

TopAl-Muzdalifa

It is somewhere on the road between Mina and Arafat. When the pilgrims end their ceremony in Arafat at sunset of the 9th of Dhu'l- Hijja, they walk to Al Muzdalifa where they stay the night picking up some stones for casting away (Rajem) the Shaitan later on.

TopMina

Mina is 6.5 kms away from Mecca and exists between the mountains, in a narrow valley, extending from East to West, with a total distance of about 1500 paces.

In Mina, pilgrims begin casting away the Shaitan by symbolically throwing stones at him on the first day of the feast During this time also, pilgrims present  their Sacrifices (slaughtering the lambs), then shave or shorten their own hair. 

TopThe Mosques of Mecca

  1. The house where Prophet Muhammad ('s) was born is transformed into a mosque and today it exists in the suburb (Shiaab) of Bani Hashem or Ali.

  2. Dar Al- Arqam, where the Prophet used to meet secretly with his close companions.

  3. The Rayat mosque at the highest place in Mecca, where the Prophet ('s) fixed the flag at the day of opening Mecca.

  4. The "Jinn" or "Harass" mosque, also called ''Al Bayaat" mosque, is the place where the Jinn have pledged allegiance to the Prophet ('s), after his return from Taef where he was hurt.  Besides these, there are other mosques like (Al-Surur), (Al- Muttakee), and (Dhee- Towa).

TopGhar Hiraa

Herra Cave, Mekkah. Photo credit: Islamic OccasionsOne of the most honourable traces remaining from the time of the Prophet is ''Ghar Hiraa''. It is a cave at the top of the mountain of light "Annoor", where the Prophet ('s) used to go for worshipping and meditation, before he was sent and chosen as a Messenger. In it, revelation was brought down and from it the Holy Qur'an began its descent.

Another one is "Ghar Thowr" at the mountain (Thowr), where the Prophet sought refuge in his migration from Mecca to Medina.

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