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For further reading please refer to the links below:

1st  Rajab: Mawled Imam Mohammad Al-Baqir ('a) (disputed date)

Imam Mohammad Al-Baqir ('a)

2nd and 3rd Rajab: Mawled Imam Ali Al-Naqi Al-Hadi ('a)

Imam Ali Al-Naqi

Imam Ali an-Naqi al-Hadi ('a)

10th Rajab: Mawled Imam Mohammad Al-Taqi Al-Jawad ('a)

Imam Mohammad al-Jawad ('a)

The Ninth Holy Imam - Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad ('a)

13th Rajab: Mawled Amirul Momineen Ali ('a)

Imam Ali ('a)

The Life of Imam Ali ('a)

The Holy Shrine Of Imam Ali ('a) in Najaf

14, 15,16 Rajab-The Bright Days

Ayyam ul Bayz- The Bright Days

14th Rajab: Birth of Prophet Ibrahim ('a) ( according to another source 1st Zhul Hajjah)

Prophet Ibrahim (p)

The Origin and Early Development of Islamic Architecture

14th or 15th Rajab: Wafat Lady Zaynab ('a) (according to another source 15th Rajab, 16th Zhul Hajjah)

Lady Zaynab ('a)

Lady Zaynab bint Ali ('a)

Anglo Saxon Chronicles & Lady Zaynab bint Ali ('a)

15th Rajab: Martyrdom Imam Jafar As-Sadiq ('a)(according to other sources 12th Rabi ul Awal, 15th or 25th Shawwal)

Imam Jafar as-Sadiq ('a)

Imam Jafar ibn Muhammad as Sadiq ('a)

Philosophy of Sin

25th Rajab:Martyrdom Imam Musa Al-Kazim ('a)

Imam Musa al-Qazim ('a)

The Death Anniversary of Imam Al-Kazim ('a)

26th Rajab: Night of Mia-Raaj

Prophet Muhammed (p)

The Ascension of Prophet Muhammad (p)

28th Rajab: Imam Hussain ibn Ali ('a) left Medina for Kerbala

Imam Hussain.('a)

The Track of Blood

Tale of Hussain's Martyrdom”

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Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem
Published on 30 Jumaada Ul Thaany, 1425/16th August, 2004.

Rajab - The Month of Peace and Tranquillity

By Hj M.Al-Zahra

Acknowledgments to Ghulaman E-Abu Zar

Sura Fatihah

"Astagfirullahallad’ee laa ilaaha illaa huwa wah’dahoo laa shareeka lahoo wa atoobu ilayh"

(I ask forgiveness of Allah, who is “There is no god save He and no other: has no partner; and I turn and repent to Him")

Allah shall forgive and have mercy on him who recites the above dua at least 100 times in the month of Rajab, which is one of the four months declared sacred by Allah (swt) in the Holy Quoran.

Rajab marks the beginning of the spiritual season of 3 months for Muslims ending with Eid Al Fitr at the end of Ramadhan. It has been narrated that the month of Rajab is next to none in its superabundant favours and benefits, reverence and sanctity as it is linked to the Almighty Allah (swt), as Shaaban is the the Holy Prophet ('s) and as Ramadhan is to the Muslim Ummah. Whosoever fasts just one day in the month of Rajab receives Allah’s blessings. (Shaykh Abbas Qummi, 1999, pg.255)

The Holy Prophet ('s) has said:

“Rajab is a great month of Allah, unmatched by any other month in the respect and significance (accorded to it); war with the infidels during this month is prohibited; Verily, Rajab is Allah’s month, Sha’aban my month and Ramadan the month of my Ummah; whosoever fasts a day in the month of Rajab will be granted the great reward of Ridwan (an angel in heaven); the wrath of Allah shall be distanced and a door of the Hell shall be closed.” (Duas.org; http://www.duas.org/rajabmth.htm 15th August 2004)

A hadith narrated from Abu al-Hasan from Imam Musa al-Kadhim ('a) states:

“Rajab is the name of a river in Paradise whose whiteness if greater than that of milk, and whose sweetness is greater than that of honey. He who fasts one day in the month of Rajab, Allah Glorious and Great, will give him a drink from this river.” (Al-Mubin.org; http://www.al-mubin.org/hadith23.htm, 15th August 2004)

In a lengthy tradition, which can be found in Thawaab al-A'maal wa Iqaab al-A'maal (new print), Page 115 to 124, the Prophet ('s) narrated the specialities and favours that would be showered upon a person who fasted during this month of Rajab and for every day he fasted, a different favour and bounty would be graced upon him. 

Our Prophet ('s) stated that if a person were to fast one day in this month for the belief and hope of reward from Allah (swt), then he would have earned the pleasure of Allah (swt) and the fast of that one day would put out the anger of Allah (swt) and would cause the doors of the hellfire to be closed for him.  If the entire land were to be filled with gold and that gold was to be spent in the way of Allah (swt), then even this act would not add up to the bounties of fasting just one day.  There is not a single thing in the world that would perfect that person's reward except for good (from Allah (swt)) as long as he was sincere to Allah (swt) (in has fasting).  When the evening time comes, ten of that person's prayers would be granted, and if he were to supplicate for anything of the worldly life, Allah (swt) would give it to him, and if it were not given to him, then Allah (swt) would preserve that which is greater (than what he supplicated for) and that which the friends, lovers and chosen ones of Allah have prayed to him for. (Al-Mubin.org; http://www.al-mubin.org/hadith23.htm, 15th August 2004).

Salman Farsi narrates that the Holy Prophet of Allah ('s) said that there is a day in the month of Rajab on which if a person fasts and does Qiyaamul Lail (night vigil) on that night, he will receive rewards like a person who fasts for 100 years and does Qiyaamul Lail for nights of 100 years. This night is the night of the 27th (Rajab) and the day of the 27th (Rajab). This is the day on which Prophet Muhammad ('s) was appointed to Messengerhood. (Duas.org; http://www.duas.org/rajabmth.htm, 15th August 2004. “Ghuniyatut Talibeen, Tarteeb Shareef”. pg 781).

Salman narrates that the Prophet of Allah Muhammad said "O Salman, there is no Mumin (True Believer) and Muminah (Truly Believing Female) who performs 30 Raka'ah in the month of Rajab and in each Raka'ah recites Surah Al Faatihah once, Surah Al-Ikhlaas 3 times, and Surah Al Kafiroon 3 times that Allah does forgive them their sins and bestows rewards upon them as upon a person who has fasted a whole month. He becomes among those who will be steadfast in their salaat in the year, which is to come. For him the deeds of the day are equal to that of the martyr. He will be raised with the Martyrs of the Holy Battle of Badr. For him is written for the fast of each day, one year's worship. His station is raised 1000 times higher” (Duas.org; http://www.duas.org. 15th August 2004)

The Sacred month of Rajab is the seventh month in the Islamic lunar calendar and as a prelude to the month of Sha'ban and Ramadan, when the Holy Prophet ('s) sighted the moon of Rajab, he used to pray to Allah in the following words:  

“O my Allah pour out much blessings for us in Rajab and Shaban, make us reach safely Ramzan, and take up abstinence and uprightness (fasting and prayers), careful in our speech, turning the eyes from ugliness (the unlawful); and do not let us hunger for food and thirst for water while we observe fast” Duas.org; http://www.duas.org/rajabaamaal.htm, 15th August 2004)

"O Allah, make the months of Rajab and Sha'ban blessed for us, and let us
reach the month of Ramadan (i.e. prolong our life up to Ramadan, so that we
may benefit from its merits and blessings)." (Mufti Taqi Usmani, http://members.lycos.co.uk/sep2002/THEMONTHOFRAJAB.htm, 15th August 2004)

Some of us also may wish to ease our sufferings at death. It is recommended from Shaikh Sadooq who narrates from Imam Jafar as-Sadiq ('a) that he said:

"For the person who fasts on the last day of the month of Rajab, Allah will save him form the after effects of death".

Fasting on the 24th Rajab also holds special rewards [Qummi, Shaikh Abbas (1999), pg 32]

The Holy Prophet ('s) said that is a person recites four unit (Rak’at) Namaz on the night of the 7th Rajab in a manner that in each unit (Rak’at) after Surah al-Humd, recites thrice Surah at-Tawheed once, Surah al-Falaq, and once Surah an-Naas. After finishing the Namaz, sends “Salawat” on us and recites ten times "Tasbeehate Arba." [Qummi, Shaikh Abbas (1999), pg 32]

It is also recommended to recite 8 unit (Rak’at) Namaz of the night of 22nd Rajab after Surah-al-Humd recite 7 times Aurah at-Tawheed. After ending Namaz, recite 10 times "Salawat" and 10 times "Istighfar"[Qummi, Shaikh Abbas (1999), pg 33](M.Al-Zahra “Preparing for Eternal Life” Ease Your Suffering at Death; http://www.victorynewsmagazine.com/PreparingForEternalLife.htm, 15th August 2004)

Imam Jaa’far as Sadiq ('a) used to recite the following du’a, everyday, in the month of Rajab, after Fajr and Maghrib prayers:

“O He from whom I ask for and expect fulfillment in every good (I do); and in whom I confide to seek safety from His displeasure for every evil I do!

O He who gives much in return of very little (good deeds)! 

O He who puts into the hands of the supplicant what he asks for, 

O He who (also) let needy, who does not ask for, have what he needs, though he remembers Him not,

Feels compassion, and takes pity on them!

Give me as a gift good in all my objectives in this world and in the Hereafter,

Let me free myself from evil in all my activities in this world and in the Hereafter, because, surely, what Thou gives never goes waste or grows less,

 And from Thy bounties let me have more and more,

O the Generous compassionate!”( Duas.org; http://www.duas.org/rajab3.htm)

Insh’Allah, all of our prayers and our fasts will be accepted and received by the Almighty Allah (swt) and may we please Him.

Finally, in this sacred month, several important dates need to be mentioned:

1st-   Mawled Imam Mohammad Al-Baqir ('a)(disputed date)
2nd-  Mawled Imam Ali Al-Naqi Al-Hadi  ('a)
3rd-   Martyrdom Imam Ali Al-Naqi Al-Hadi ('a)
10th- Mawled Imam Mohammad Al-Taqi Al-Jawad ('a)
13th- Mawled Amirul Momineen Ali ('a) 
14th- Birth of Prophet Ibrahim ('a) ( according to another source 1st Zhul Hajjah)
14th- Wafat Lady Zaynab ('a)  (according to another source 15th Rajab, 16th Zhul Hajjah)
15th- Wafat Lady Zaynab ('a) (according to another source 14th Rajab, 16th Zhul Hajjah)
15th- Martyrdom Imam Jafar As-Sadiq ('a) (according to other sources 12th Rabi ul Awal, 15th or 25th Shawwal)
25th- Martyrdom Imam Musa Al-Kazim ('a)
26th- Wafat Abu Talib (r.a) (according to another source 7th Ramadan)
26th- Night of Mia-Raaj
28th- Imam Hussain ibn Ali ('a) left Medina for Kerbala  

Lailatul Raghaib

May Allah (swt) send blessings on Prophet Mohammad and his chosen progeny ('a).

The first Friday night of Rajab is known as Lailatul Raghaib.  

Forgiveness of a great many sins.  Safety from the troubles of the first night in the grave, and shelter on the Day of Resurrection, after the Trumpet is blown. The Prayer will take the shape of a fine, smiling person, and he will enter the grave of one who performed it, with the following words:

“My dear friends, good news for you! You are safe from all troubles!” 

The dead one will ask: “But may I know please who you are? I have never seen a face better than yours; nor have I heard words sweeter than the words from your tongue; nor have I smelled a perfume more refreshing than from you!” 

“My dear, I am the act which you performed on that particular night, month and year, and in that particular country. I have come tonight into your grave to reward you, and to remove your feelings of loneliness and hopelessness. And when the siren on the Day of Judgment will be heard, will take you out, I will provide you a cool cover over your head. So, be full of joy. No goodness will be denied to you.”

It is related that the person who recites Surah-al Yaseen before going to bed & before Namaaz -e -Lailatul Raghaib will be saved from the terror of the grave.

Prophet Muhammad ('s) used to fast on the first Thursday & between Maghrib & Isha recite

12 Rak’at namaz in six sets of 2 units. In every Rak’at after surah al Hamd recite 3 times Surah al-Qadr & 12 times Surah an Naas. [or as per other sources, Surah-e-ikhlas]

[1] After salam recite 70 times:  اَللّـهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّد النَّبِيِّ الاُْمِّيِّ وَعَلى آلِهِ،  Allahumma s’ale a’laa muh’ammadin nabiyyil ummi wa a’laa aaleh.
[2] Then go into sajdah & recite 70 times: ُ س بُّوحٌ قُدُّوسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلائِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ   subbuh’un quddoos rabbul malaaaekate war-rooh’
[3] Then sit erect & say 70 times: rabbighfir war-ham watajaawaz a’mma ta’lamo innaka antal a’liyyul a’zeem.رب اغفر وارحم وتجاوز عما تعلم انك انت العلي الا عظم
[4] Then go into sajdah & say 70 times: سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلائِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ   subbooh’un quddoos rabbul malaaekate war-rooh’

Last Day of Rajab

For the person who fasts on the last day of Rajab, Allah will save him from the after effects of death.

References:

Al-Mubin.org; http://www.al-mubin.org/hadith23.htm, 15th August 2004. “Thawab al-A’maal” (New Print), pg. 114, Section of Fasting of the Month of Rajab, Hadith 2).

Duas.org; http://www.duas.org/rajabmth.htm last retrieved-15th August 2004

M.Al-Zahra “Preparing for Eternal Life” Ease Your Suffering at Death; http://www.victorynewsmagazine.com/PreparingForEternalLife.htm, 15th August 2004)

Mufti Taqi Usmani;  http://members.lycos.co.uk/sep2002/THEMONTHOFRAJAB.htm, 15th August 2004)

Shaykh Abbas Qummi, 1999, “Supplications, Prayers and Ziarats. Call on Me, I answer You”. Ansariyan Publications, Qum Iran. pg.255

Shaykh Abbas Qummi, English translation of "Manazelul Akherah"

Victory News Magazine; http://www.victorynewsmagazine.com

END

Author: Hj M.Al-Zahra
Photographer: Hj M.Al-Zahra
Acknowledgments: Ghulaman E-Abu Zar
Chief Editor: Hj Nurzaynab El-Fatah
Production: Hj S. Abidin
Published Date: 30 Jumaada Ul Thaany, 1425/16th August, 2004

Modification Date: 6th Safar 1430/2nd February 2009
Publication ID: 04monthRajab. Rajab - The Month of Peace and Tranquillity
Copyright: © Victory News Magazine, 2010

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