Victory News Magazine

Victory News Magazine
Articles- History


Home

Allah (s)

Ahadith
Articles
O/L Books
 
Poetry
Dua'as
Islamic Arts
Gallery  
 
Hajj
Holy Sites
Ramadhan
Muharram
 
Referencing
Publishing
Grammar
Punctuation
 
Writers
Disclaimer
Awards
Site Map
DVD
Calendar

The domed and minareted Jumma Masjid mosque was constructed by Tipu in 1787 AD. It towers above the town of Srirangapatna and has two lofty minarets. A flight of about two hundred steps leads to the top.

The domed and minareted Jumma Masjid mosque was constructed by Tipu in 1787 AD in Srirangapatna 

Sultan Haider Ali - the father of Sultan Tipu

Sultan Haider Ali - the father of Sultan Tipu

Sultan Tipu's Palace in Bangalore, India- Tipu's Summer Palace, Daria Daulat Bagh, is situated outside the fort at Srirangapatna. Hyder Ali began building the palace in 1778. His son, Tipu, completed the work in 1784.

Sultan Tipu's Palace in Bangalore, India

Sultan Tipu's Palace in Bangalore, India

Sultan Tipu's Palace in Bangalore, India - artist's impression

The Gumbaz, Tipu's mausoleum, is situated outside the fort in Srirangapatna. It was built by Tipu for his parents between 1782-1784 and he was buried there in 1799. The doors are inlaid with ivory and there is a tiger skin pattern throughout the mausoleum.

The Gumbaz, Tipu's mausoleum, is situated outside the fort in Srirangapatna. It was built by Tipu for his parents between 1782-1784 and he was buried there in 1799. The doors are inlaid with ivory and there is a tiger skin pattern throughout the mausoleum.

The state of Mysore in southern India centred on the island fortress of Srirangapatna, Tipu's capital.

The state of Mysore in southern India centred on the island fortress of Srirangapatna, Tipu's capital.


No responsibility is taken for external sites. Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of VictoryNewsMagazine.com
Disclaimer


Click to subscribe to victorynewsmagazine

 
FastCounter by bCentral

Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem
Published 25 Rajab 1424

Tipu Sultan’s Sword Sold in London
The Sword of the Kingdom

By Shahid Qureshi 
Correspondent Tribune International
Acknowledgements to Deccan Herald

Sultan Tipu of India-.'In this world I would rather live two days like a tiger, than two hundred years like a sheep.' - Tipu Sultan, taken from Alexander Beatson's A View of the Origin and Conduct of the War with Tippoo Sultan, 1800)

The TIPU Sultan's fighting sword was sold for £175,000 ($ 285 520) in an auction in London on Friday. It was sold to an unnamed private collector. The sword was one of six belonging to Tipu Sultan, due to be sold in London in September, that are known to have belonged to the ruler, according to the UK auctioneers responsible for the sale (Deccan Herald.)

Other items to be sold from the Baird collection were to include a silver casket, also taken from the Srirangapatnam Palace and valued at between £6,000 and £8,000, as well as a gold medal awarded to Scottish Imperial general David Baird Baird for his role in the successful storming of Tipu’s residence in India 1799. (Deccan Herald)

The fighting sword of 18th century Muslim Indian hero was given to the British general who defeated him through a conspiracy.

Tipu Sultan’s sword was presented to David Baird by the head of the British forces Lord George Harris following the capture of the sultan's stronghold at Seringapatam in southern India in 1799.  Baird had earlier been captured by Tipu’s forces in an battle in 1780, only to be released as part of a prisoner exchange in 1784.(Deccan Herald)

The significance of the sword is that it was taken from Sultan Tipu’s bedroom by British forces during the Battle of Srirangapatnam in 1799. (Deccan Herald)

Perso-Arabic Inscriptions

"The sword of the Kingdom", is inscribed on the blade in Arabic. In addition the blade is inscribed: “The Sword of Tippoo Sultan found in the bed chamber after Srirangapatnam was taken by storm on 4th May 1799 and presented by the Army to General Baird through their commander Major General Harris as a token of their high opinion and his courage and conduct in the assault which he commanded and in which Tippoo Sultan was slain.” (Deccan Herald)

The sword is described by the auctioneers as a “single edged weapon with a 91 cm long blade and an impressive hilt” inlaid with Arabic inscriptions. The back edge of the blade bears a Perso-Arabic inscription, “Sword of the Ruler”. The scabbard of wood, covered in green velvet, has mounts in part decorated with Tipu’s favoured tiger stripe design. (Deccan Herald)

The Tiger Of Mysore

Tipu Sultan, who died in the battle, was known as the "Tiger of Mysore" and was considered an enlightened ruler with very close relations with the French. British spies had reported that Napoleon was equipping a huge fleet to sail to India. Wellesley knew that this would threaten the British position and so moved to destroy the one ally France still had in India.

Tipu Sultan's father, Sultan Hyder Ali, made himself Muslim ruler of the Mysore region of southern India and Tipu took over after his death in 1782. The fourth, and final, Mysore War took place in 1799.

Tipu’s sword was among a number of priceless artifacts looted by British forces at the time and taken back to the United Kingdom. Among the other treasures was a magnificent tiger’s head adorned in gold leaf, which was part of Tipu's throne, as well as a jewelled Bird of Paradise. Both are now part of the Queen’s Royal Collection and are stored at Windsor Castle outside London.

The final defeat of the sultan enabled the British to secure control of all of southern India and lay the foundations for future British Rule. The Sultan had built a chain of excellent roads, constructed tanks and dams to promote agriculture. He introduced new industries, promoted trade and commerce on a large scale. Tipu prohibited the production and distribution of liquor and other intoxicants in Mysore. He also built and fortified numerous forts and many palaces, which were demolished by the British after his death. Bangalore Summer Palace still survives and is a remnant of his grand rule.

Tipu Palace Murals

Tipu Palace Murals

Murals on the inside walls of the Summer Palace in Bangalore, India.

Advanced Munitions

Tipu Sultan was the first Muslim of India who produced and used latest arms and missiles against the British in 17th century.

At a NASA's flight facility at Wallop Island, Virginia, USA a painting prominently displayed in the reception lobby 'because the soldiers on the side launching rockets were not white, but dark-skinned ', with South Asian features.

When Tipu was killed, the British captured more than 700 rockets and subsystems of 900 rockets in the battle of Turukhanahally in 1799. His army had 27 brigades called Kushoons, and each brigade had a company of rocket men, called Jourks. Tipu Sultan reigned 1782-1799 and died in May 1799, fighting the combined forces of British, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marattas.

These rockets had been taken to England by William Congreave and were subjected by the British to what is called "reverse engineering" today. Of course, the young scientist commented to himself that the British could do it because there was no GATT, IPR Act, or patent regime at that time, and 'with the death of Tipu Sultan, Indian rocketry met its demise'.

Further Reading:

http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P073

Tipu Sultan, was the eldest son of Haider Ali, was born on December 10, 1750 at Devanhalli. From his early years, he was trained in the art of warfare and at the age of 15 accompanied his father Haider Ali, the ruler of Mysore, to various military campaigns. 

After the treaty at Seringapatam, Tipu Sultan did not waste his time and made extensive preparations against the British. He had rebuilt his war machine in the shortest possible time with the help of the French. The British regarded it as a violation of the treaty. This led to the start of the fourth Anglo-Mysore war in 1798 with the help of the Nizam. 

The fourth son of the Nizam-ul-Mulk, Nizam Ali Khan was born on 24th February, 1734. He assumed the Subedari of the Deccan at the age of 28 years and ruled the Deccan for almost 42 years - The longest period among the Nizams. His reign was one of the most important chapters in the history of the Asaf Juhi dynasty. Among his efforts to consolidate the Nizam empire was the shift of the Deccan capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. He ruled the Deccan at a most critical period. He protected the Deccan from the attack of the Marathas and Tippu Sultan of Mysore by signing a mutual protection treaty with the British.

The French were unable to provide the needed support to Tipu Sultan. Tipu Sultan retreated to his capital and continued fighting till he breathed his last in May 1799. Tipu Sultan is buried at a mausoleum that he himself had built [see pic], along with his father Haider Ali and his mother Fatima Begum.

References:

Bhatia,Shyam. Deccan Herald, last retrieved, 21st September 2003 http://www.deccanherald.com/deccanherald/aug
05/i5.asp

Beatson, Alexander. A View of the Origin and Conduct of the War with Tippoo Sultan, 1800.

http://www.victorynewsmagazine.com

| 99 Names of Allah | Ahadith | Articles | Awards | Calendar | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Dua'as | DVD | Gallery | Grammar Guidelines | Haj | Holy Places | Home | Islamic Arts | Member Writers
|
Muharram | Online Books Poetry | Publishing Specifications | Punctuation Guidelines | Ramadhan | Referencing Specifications | Site Map |

Back to Home©All rights reserved 2010 VictoryNewsMagazine.com
Hit Counter

h


Last Updated Sunday, 07 February 2010