Victory News Magazine

Victory News Magazine
Articles- Islamic Studies


Allah (s)

O/L Books
Islamic Arts
Holy Sites
Site Map

An ant and a termite

"They (the animals and insects) live by instinct and not by reason."

King, Queen and worker termites

The king, queen and worker termites



All rights reserved 2009
No responsibility is taken for external sites. Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of

Click to subscribe to victorynewsmagazine

FastCounter by bCentral

Published on 22 Muharram 1425/ 14th March 2004.

The Perfection of AQL
Excerpt 2 of a lecture:

by Dr.Kalbe Sadiq Saheb

AQL - reasoning - intellect - The teachings of Islam pay utmost importance to the use of AQL, constantly reason things out always make rational decisions while emotional decisions have no place in Islam. It is emotional decisions that bring about downfall of individuals and eventually of nations. Imam Ali ('a) said that "I can tolerate all kinds of people except the following two:

  • Bey deen (The one who has no Deen )and

  • Ahmaq (The Idiot, the foolish ones)

Our Shariah encourages us to develop our AQL (thinking ) study science, modern technology gain all the knowledge and advance with the progress of time, but also struggle against decomposition and deviance of time.Islam is a religion which encourages its followers to be in a state of constant growth and development, but within the framework of Islam.  

The Disciplined Insect World

Man is not the only living creature who lives a gregarious life. Many animals, especially insects, have a social life. They follow a series of fixed rules and a wise, disciplined mode of life. The principles of mutual help, division of labour, production and distribution, command and obedience, order and compliance are in force in their social groups.  

Life cycle of  termites

Bees and some ants and termites have a civilization, discipline and organisation which human beings, who consider themselves the noblest of creatures would take centuries to catch up with but their civilization, unlike human civilizations, did not pass through eras such as the primitive hunter gatherer period, the stone age, the iron age, the nuclear age etc. They attained the same civilization and organisation that they at present have on the day they were brought into existence on this earth, and no change has occurred in their condition. It is only the human being, whose life, according to the Qur'an "and the man was created weak" begins from zero and progresses forward.  

Instinct versus Intellect

For animals, the exigencies of the times are always the same, and do not effect their lives. Science does not make new discoveries for them every day, and does not upset the pattern of their lives because they live by instinct and not by reason.

Man, on the other hand, is different. His social life is always subject to change and transformation. The secret of man being the noblest of creatures also lies in this. He is created with the state and capacity of not having to stand in need of the direct guidance and protection of nature nor of that mysterious power called instinct. He lives by intellect and not by instinct.


Insaan (human being ) possesses Aql (reasoning) and Ruh (spirit). Because Insaan (human being) is in a continuous state of change either progressing or regressing or both. Aql (reasoning) is the power by which man obtains knowledge and Ruh (spirit) is where your consciousness lies. Without the Ruh (spirit) and only by using the AQL, the state of man would be what it is in most of the western world. Moving in an accelerated speed it is the Ruh (spirit) that is the brake to keep man in check.

One of the characteristics of human beings is their tendency to go to extremes. If a man has moderate views, he tries to separate changes of the first kind from changes of the second kind. He tries to move forward in time with the power of knowledge, initiative, endeavour and hard work. He tries to adapt himself to manifestations of progress simultaneously checking the mistaken directions taken in his times and refuses to conform to them.

Unfortunately, this is not always the case. There are two dangerous diseases that always threaten man. They are:

  • The disease of inflexibility and conventionalism and

  • The disease of naivety and instability

The former results in stagnation, stopping, and no progress whereas the latter results in backsliding and taking the wrong direction. A conventional, inflexible person hates everything new and considers change and progress to be a corruption and deviation. Whereas the nave person considers each and every new thing as "progress" and an extension of knowledge and learning. The idea that Islam cannot change with the times arises from the rigidity of one group and the ignorance of another.

Ayatollah Khomeini r.a. has warned us about resisting change. For unchanging needs Islam has unchanging laws, and for changing needs it takes a changing and variable position.

Just as the roads of progress and development are open for human beings, so also are the roads of corruption and deterioration not closed to them.  Just as man makes new discoveries in every age for the benefit of humanity under the influence of his scientific, moral, aesthetic and religious inclinations, so is he also under the influence of his ego, ambition, sensuality and greed for wealth and exploitation.

A human being has to be constantly alert that just as there is a possibility for development there is the possibility for decline and if he/she is going through life in an aware conscious manner then they will not be like a little twig flowing with the current but will be like a strong ship with built in radars and devices which immediately alert them of possible dangers in their path.

Islam requires that its followers should always be in a state of growth, development, progress but within its framework. Islam is against both inflexible conservatism and ignorant naivety.

One should move forward according to the times but fight against being led astray by time.

Bernard Shaw 

Incidentally many non-Muslim scholars and writers have studied the social and civil laws of Islam and have found these to be highly progressive. Says Bernard Shaw:

"I have always had the greatest respect for  the religion of Mohamed because of its extraordinary quality of staying lively. In my opinion, Islam is the only religion which has the ability to harmonize and exert its control over differing circumstances and changing ways of life, and to confront the diversities of the centuries."

A Dynamic Religion

Islam is a dynamic religion, but what is it that gives Islam its dynamism?

1. Islam has not meddled with the outward pattern and form of life, which is dependant upon the standard of human knowledge.  Islamic instructions are concerned with the spirit, meaning and aim of life and the best course that man should follow to attain that final aim and this Islam has kept under its own authority. Furthermore, by encouraging the factors which develop culture and civilization, that is science, labour, piety, determination, courage and perseverance, Islam has itself guaranteed the fundamental practical ground plan for the development of civilization.

2. The ways and means of life in every age depend upon the level of information and knowledge of man. As knowledge increases the more the means of life are perfected.

In Islam, no one single means, and no one particular external or material form can be found that has an aspect of "holiness" in it, so that a Muslim be constrained to retain that means or form for ever.

Islam did not specify that tailoring, weaving, agriculture, transport, war or any other activity be carried out using such and such means, so that when that means became obsolete there would arise a conflict between science and the dictates of Islam. Neither has Islam given any special instructions regarding material used to make shoes or clothes, or determined that a building should be made of stone or steel. This is one of the reasons why this religion easily conforms with progress.

3. The other peculiarity that gives Islam its dynamism is that it has ordained permanent laws for permanent human requirements, as for varying human needs, Islam has a changing attitude it has linked the varying conditions with invariable and stable principles. These invariable principles create particular auxiliary laws for each changing condition. For example:

The Holy Qur'an says:

  "And prepare against them whatever force you can."

Apart from this there are ahadith where the Prophet says that you and your sons should be proficient in the art of horse riding and archery. It is quite evident that the origin and the basis of this is the principle "and prepare against them whatever force you can". This means that the arrow, the sword, the spear, the bow the horse are not fundamental in themselves in the eyes of Islam: the basic point is to be strong, that Muslims in every period should do their utmost to strengthen themselves with regard to military and defence forces against the enemy. The necessity of strength against the enemy is a permanent  law which originates from a permanent and constant necessity.

However the requirement of proficiency in archery and horse riding is a manifestation of a changing necessity linked to time, and it changes according to the times.

Another example is that Imam Ali ('a) in the latter years of his life did not dye his hair and beard. Some persons commented that the Prophet ('s) had commanded the Muslims to dye their hair and beard. Imam Ali ('a) explained to them that when the Prophet ('s) gave these instructions the Muslims were few in number, and amongst them were a number of old people who used to take part in battles. The object of the command was to prevent the enemy from being bold in spirit.  But in the time of Imam Ali ('a). Islam had spread throughout the land, it was no longer necessary to carry out this practice. People were free to dye or not dye their hair.

4.Islam did not lay down whether food should be taken with the hand or with a spoon but it dictated that cleanliness be maintained.

5. Another aspect which provides Islam with the possibility of adapting to the requirements of the times, is the rationality of this religion.

6. Another consideration which has given this religion the property of mobility and adaptability is the fact that there are a series of principles and laws incorporated into Islam whose function is to control and harmonise the other laws i.e. they have the right of "veto" example the principle of la haraj (no blame) and la darar (no harm). JUSTICE will always prevail.  

Prophet Adam ('a)

It is said that Allah (swt) presented Prophet Adam ('a) with "Deen", "Haya" (modesty), and "Aql" and asked him to chose one. Adam ('a) chose AQL. The other two followed the AQL and came to him and said that wherever the AQL goes we go with it.

Islam requires us to work towards the perfection of AQL.

The perfection of spirit (ruh) and the perfection of body meaning keeping yourself fit and healthy.

Islam wants us to constantly use our AQL that is why Islam has prohibited alcohol as it suspends the AQL even though temporarily.


| 99 Names of Allah | Ahadith | Articles | Awards | Calendar | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Dua'as | DVD | Gallery | Grammar Guidelines | Haj | Holy Places | Home | Islamic Arts | Member Writers
Muharram | Online Books Poetry | Publishing Specifications | Punctuation Guidelines | Ramadhan | Referencing Specifications | Site Map |

Back to HomeAll rights reserved 2009
Hit Counter


Last Updated Sunday, 25 January 2009