Published on 2 Shawal 1424
Perspective On Its Management and Preservation
Prof. Akhtar Mahmood
Acknowledgements to Hj Khadija- an Australian Muslimah from
Bukit Lawang who survived the floods in North Sumatra along
with her husband M.Indra [ pictured below left] and their
Over the years, our
environment has been facing a severe threat. The rivers are
polluted with undesirable chemicals and toxicants, underground
water is being depleted and getting polluted. Forests are
being lost at an alarming rate resulting in environmental
degradation. A balance in oxygen and water in the environment
is being lost, which is so important to sustain and preserve
the human civilization on the planet earth.
For the past century and a half enormous advances have taken
place in science and technology to the benefit of mankind.
But, these developments have also posed great problems and
health hazards, threatening the existence of human life on
Purpose of Human Creation
The question of the creation of human beings is relevant, to
understand the role of religion in the environment. The Holy
be He, in whose hands is all sovereignty.
He has power over all things.
He created death and life, that He might put to test and find
which of you acquitted himself best.
He is Mighty, Forgiving one."
(Sura Al-Mulk 67:1-2).
being a part of the whole system must also operate justly in
the sphere over which he is given control and power,
otherwise, he is working against the natural laws of the
Universe, as well as his own nature. The result of which can
be alarming calamities and destruction, we may face in the
Cleanliness in Islam
Nearest to the human body is its soul, followed by the
environment in which a person lives. Thus, Islam addresses
itself in considerable depth to the question of cleanliness
and purity of both soul and body, since it is the essence of
good appearance and health.
not equal are things that, are bad and things that are
even though the abundance of bad may dazzle you.
So fear God,
O you that understand so that you may prosper."
(Sura Al-Maidah 5:100)
Also at another
place, Qur'an says:
shall be the man, who purifies himself, who remembers the name
of his Lord and prays to Him."
(Sura Al-Ala 87: 14-15)
The Noble Prophet ('s) has said, "Cleanse yourself,
for Islam is cleanliness. Cleanliness invites towards faith
and faith leads its possessor to the Gardens (Heavens)."
Diet also plays an important role in human health. Thus, Islam
has prohibited certain foods and allowed others:
people, eat of what is lawful and good on earth, and do not
follow the foot-steps of the Evil one for he is your avowed
(Sura Al-Baqarah 2:168).
personal cleanliness and the environment in which a person
lives are greatly emphasized in Islam.
Further, all those means, which can lead man to indecency and
corruption of the environment are also discouraged in Islam.
Thus, drinking and gambling are prohibited in Islam.
holy Qur'an states:
ask you, (O Muhammad) about drinking and gambling,
say there is a great harm in both,
though, there is some benefit for the people,
but harm of the sin is far greater than the benefit."
(Sura Al- Baqarah 2:219).
on Plantation and Agriculture
Forestry and agriculture form the backbone of human
civilization. However, we find in recent times, a large scale
deforestation has occurred all round the world. This has
resulted in ecological imbalances in the natural resources of
The Prophet ('s) has said:
a Muslim plants a plant or cultivates a crop, no bird or human
being eats from it without it being accounted as charity for
Messenger of God ('s), once remarked that even if you knew
that the world would end tomorrow, you should plant a tree.
Management of Water Resources
There are numerous passages in the Qur' an, which mention the
effect of rain water on the growth of vegetation. In (Sura Al-Nahl
16: 10-11) we read:
is one, who sends water down from the sky.
For you there is a drink and out of it (grow) shrubs in which
you let cattle graze freely.
There with for you He makes sown fields, olive, palm trees,
and all kinds of fruits grow."
the proper and judicious use of the water resources is of
utmost importance to keep the viable environment for the
benefit of humanity.
Depletion of Resources
Moderation is the most important characteristic of Islam. It
is probably how Islam views human nature and the meaning of
life. Man is created by God-Almighty and is commanded to be
God's vicegerent on earth. Islam discourages luxurious and
lavish living. It is a general observation that luxurious life
styles lead to weakness among nations, and eventually to their
downfall. The existence of luxury is also an expression of
social injustice, as few can afford luxurious items at the
expense of the deprived masses of people.
The Holy Qur'an says:
We intend to destroy a township,
We permit its luxury-loving people to commit wickedness
Then the word is proved true against it and We then destroy it
(Sura Al-Isra 17:16).
Muhammad ('s) was the perfect example of moderation. He
advised his followers to spend within their means, neither to
be too lavish as to make themselves destitute nor to hold back
their wealth from those who had a claim on their resources.
Corruption, dissolution, nervous and mental disorders,
intellectual perversions are eating away the body of present
day civilization by destroying the nations and individuals, by
exposing the people to evil and corrupt means of life.
However, as long as the humankind follows the laws ordained by
the Creator, all aspects of his life in the environment of the
earth go the natural way.
But, if deviations occur from the prescribed path of the
Creator (God-Almighty) all the social, environmental
calamities that human beings face today ensue. It is in the
fitness of things that human lifestyles be programmed
according to the laws of the Creator to save humanity from
courtesy of Dr Shuja- Islamic Arts
Australian Muslim wife and witness to the
cannot thank Allah enough for saving me and
my family and giving me more time to worship
thank and praise him. Allahu Akbar!!
Alhamdulillah we are so lucky. Bukit Lawang is almost
unrecognisable the flood happened so quickly
just after most people finished salaat
tarawih. It is almost unbelievable except
that when Allah says kun faya kun- Be
and it is! Well no-one cannot stop it. I
really felt that my life on earth was over.
Bohorok River Guesthouse no longer exists
and poor Safri Riza and Insan lost their
father as well as other relatives who were
visiting for buka puasa (iftar, fast
breaking.) All our front rooms and the
mosque disappeared in seconds, the remains
of Back to Nature are gone and everything
basically on that side of the river has
gone. Not to mention all the people who
returned to Allah inshAllah shahid. Dernen
and Wati and Adet and Maryam gone, Mahmoods
sister Edits brothers family. The grandfather from Amin
Inn most of Indra inn, except Succi and her
father and Iwan and his father and his
daughter, Putra, and Pak Iyan lost his
children Abdurshakur was found dead still
hugging his grandson and there are still so
many bodies stuck beneath the logs that are
piled up down near the cave and Amana from
the cave lost her eldest daughter who goes
to school with Taqwa, Taqwa's school has
gone actually 90 percent of BL has gone. Our
house is still there just lots of mud inside
the restaurant has gone but Alhamdulillah
Bendy and the mother and some other cats
survived, I just heard that one of the
fruitarians from Arico died Mateus. It was
like a nightmare, and even though I believe in
Allah subhanallah wa taala so strongly I
felt scared that I might have been returning
to him because of my imperfect ibadah and
amal. Ya Allah, Allahu akbar astagfirAllah,
wa la hawla walaquwatta ilahbillahi
aleeyalatheme. MarshAllah TabarakAllah La
ilha illallah. Khadijah May Allah bless you all and guide
us to the siratalmustaqim our life is short
please don't waste time in this dunia as it
can be gone in minutes. Love and peace to
you all. Khadijah"